Development of Parents’ Competencies for Online Kindergarteners, Built on the Principles of the Pyramid Approach to Education



The study shows the influence of education and feedback on the development of the competencies of parents supervising the distance learning of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in the online kindergarten format. The paper presents materials of an empirical study involving five mothers and nurses accompanying children. The measurements of the three competencies of parents as tutors were carried out within one month and were made before and after teaching the parents the basics of ABA (applied behavior analysis) methods. We used the methodology of teaching parents behavioral skills BST (behavioral skills training). Parental training resulted in changes of parental competencies showing as improvements of percent ratios of correct reactions to a total number of samples regarding three critical competencies of parents as tutors: providing reinforcements, prompts, maintaining requests of children. It was found that trained parents of children with ASD are more effective at improving skills of their children than before training. Collaboration with families of children with ASD and the adaptation of parental education help families to be more successful in their daily work with their children, acquire new skills, and improve the quality of life of their families.

General Information

Keywords: autism spectrum disorders, applied behavior analysis for parents, behavioral skills training, role-based training

Journal rubric: Education & Intervention Methods

Article type: scientific article


Acknowledgements. he authors are grateful for the training and mentoring of the author of the pyramidal approach to education, Dr. Andy Bondy

For citation: Popova O.A., Orlova O.M. Development of Parents’ Competencies for Online Kindergarteners, Built on the Principles of the Pyramid Approach to Education. Autizm i narusheniya razvitiya = Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020. Vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 52–58. DOI: 10.17759/autdd.2020180406.


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Information About the Authors

Olga A. Popova, director, NPO «Inclusive center “My Planet”», clinical psychologist, behavioral specialist, ORCID:, e-mail:

Olga M. Orlova, kindergarten curator, NPO «Inclusive center “My Planet”», teacher-psychologist, behavioral specialist, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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