The Assessment Development of Life Competencies in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders in the Inclusion Environment

172

Abstract

The formation of life competencies in children with ASD is the basis of social adaptation and the most important factor for the successful education inclusion. In this study, we made the assessment of life competencies in younger schoolchildren with ASD and determined the educational conditions for the development of these competencies based on the applied behavior analysis methodology. The study involved 12 students with ASD born in 2007—2009. The life competencies were diagnosed using the ABBLS-R (basic speech and learning skills). A range of necessary and most important skills in learning in an inclusive environment were outlined. The results obtained made it possible to identify a number of shortcomings in students with ASD and to determine the need to develop special pedagogical conditions. The most important conditions are the psychological and educational support of such students, the choice of methods and techniques that can increase the effectiveness of the development of life competencies. Work on the formation of the residential complex was carried out in the period from 2018 to 2021. As a result of testing of the educational conditions based on the application of methods of applied behavior analysis (visual support; social stories; spontaneous learning; step-by-step learning; shaping; discrete trial training, DTT), an increase in the level of formation of life competencies was recorded. The results obtained allow us to speak about the effectiveness of the created education environment using methods of applied behavior analysis for the formation of life competencies in students with ASD in inclusion conditions.

General Information

Keywords: assessment of life competencies, children with ASD, applied behavior analysis (ABA), educational environment, psychological and pedagogical support

Journal rubric: Education & Intervention Methods

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/autdd.2022200406

Acknowledgements. The author is grateful for the help in collecting data for the study to the charitable foundation «The Art of Being Near».

Received: 21.06.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Chizhova Yu.V. The Assessment Development of Life Competencies in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders in the Inclusion Environment. Autizm i narusheniya razvitiya = Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022. Vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 59–68. DOI: 10.17759/autdd.2022200406. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Barbera M.L. Detskii autizm i verbal’no-povedencheskii podkhod [The Verbal Behavior Approach: How to Teach Children With Autism and Related Disorders]. Ekaterinburg: Publ. Rama Pablishing, 2014. 302 p. ISBN 978-5-91743- 046-1.
  2. Gray C. Sotsial’nye istorii: Innovatsionnaya metodika dlya razvitiya sotsial’noi kompetentnosti u detei s autizmom [The New Social Story Book]. Ekaterinburg: Publ. Rama Pablishing, 2018. 432 p. ISBN 978-5-91743-080-5.
  3. Greenspan S., Wieder S. Na ty s autizmom: Ispol’zovanie metodiki Floortime dlya razvitiya otnoshenii, obshcheniya i myshleniya [Engaging autism: using the Floortime approach to help children relate, communicate and think]. Moscow: Terevinf, 2017. 512 p. ISBN 978-5-4212-0474-9.
  4. Davydova E.Yu., Sorokin A.B. Zhiznennye kompetentsii v kontekste planirovaniya obucheniya detei s rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spektra [Life Competencies in the Context of Education Planning in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2016, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 120— DOI:10.17759/pse.2016210314
  5. Davydova Yu., Sorokin A.B., Khaustov A.V. et al. Problemy i perspektivy integratsii metodov s dokazannoi effektivnost’yu v praktiku shkol’nogo obucheniya detei s rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spektra [Challenges and Perspectives of Evidence-Based Interventions Integration into Schooling of Children with]. Klinicheskaya i spetsial’naya psikhologiya = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2021, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 36—60. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2021100103
  6. Dormand L., Shvedovskii E.F. Inklyuziya v rabote s det’mi s rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spektra [Inclusion in the work with children with autism spectrum disorders]. Autizm i narusheniya razvitiya = Autism and Developmental Disorders (Russia), 2017, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 69—72. DOI: 10.17759/autdd.2017150309
  7. Malofeev N.N., Nikol’skaya O.S., Kukushkina O.I. Deti s otkloneniyami v razvitii v obshcheobrazovatel’noi shkole: obshchie i spetsial’nye trebovaniya k rezul’tatam obucheniya [Children with developmental divergencies in general education school: general and special demands to education results]. Vospitanie i obuchenie detei s narusheniyami razvitiya = Upbringing and education for children with developmental disorders, 2010, no. 5, pp. 6—11.
  8. Morozov S.A. Kompleksnoe soprovozhdenie lits s rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spektra: uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie [Comprehensive support for people with autism spectrum disorders: guidebook]. Moscow, 2015. 539 p. ISBN 978-5- 9907171-8-3.
  9. Nikol’skaya O.S., Baenskaya E.R., Libling M.M. Deti i podrostki s autizmom: Psikhologicheskoe soprovozhdenie [Children and teenagers with autism: Psychological support]. Moscow: Publ. Terevinf, 2005. 220 p. ISBN 5-901599-28-4.
  10. Nikol’skaya O., Fomina T., Tsypotan S. Rebenok s autizmom v obychnoi shkole [Autistic child in a general education school]. Moscow: Publ. Chistye prudy, 2006. 32 p. ISBN 5-9667-0170-9.
  11. Nikol’skaya O.S. Trudnosti shkol’noi adaptatsii detei s autizmom [Difficulties of autistic children’s adaptation at school]. Osobyi rebenok: issledovaniya i opyt pomoshchi [Special child: research and experience of support]. Moscow: Publ. Tsentr lechebnoi pedagogiki; Terevinf, 1998. Issue 1. Pp. 34—40.
  12. Nikol’skaya O.S. Spetsial’nyi federal’nyi gosudarstvennyi standart dlya detei s narusheniyami razvitiya autisticheskogo spektra (maket) [Special Federal State Educational Standard For Children With Developmental Disorders Of Autistic Spectrum (Prototype)]. Defektologiya = Defectology, 2010, no. 2, pp. 3—18.
  13. Semenovich M.L., Manelis N.G., Khaustov A.V. et al. Opisanie metodiki otsenki bazovykh rechevykh i uchebnykh navykov (ABLLS-R) [Description of the Assessment of Basic Language and Learning Skills Revisited (ABLLS-R)]. Autizm i narusheniya razvitiya = Autism and Developmental Disorders (Russia), 2015, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 3—10. DOI:10.17759/ 2015130301
  14. Federal’nyi gosudarstvennyi standart nachal’nogo obshchego obrazovaniya [Federal state standard for national general education] [Web resource] / National association for the development of education and science. URL: https://fgos.ru (Accessed 05.09.2022).
  15. Khaustov A.V. (ed.) Formirovanie zhiznennykh kompetentsii u obuchayushchikhsya s rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spectra: Metodicheskoe posobie [Shaping life competencies in autistic students]. Moscow: Federal Resource Center of the Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, 2016. 57 p. ISBN 978-5-94051-111-3.
  16. Khaustov V. Osobye obrazovatel’nye potrebnosti obuchayushchikhsya s rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spektra [Special educational needs of students with autism spectrum disorders]. Autizm i narusheniya razvitiya = Autism and Developmental Disorders (Russia), 2016, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 3—12. DOI: 10.17759/autdd.2016140201
  17. Chizhova Yu.V. Osobennosti zhiznennykh kompetentsii u uchashchikhsya s rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spektra [Features of Life Competencies in Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders]. Problemy sovremennogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovaniya = Challenges in Current Pedagogic Education, 2021, no. 72-4, pp. 286—288.
  18. Shramm Detskii autizm i ABA [VB Teaching Tools]. Ekaterinburg: Publ. Rama Pablishing, 2013. 208 p. ISBN 978-5- 91743-039-3.
  19. Erts Yu., Meleshkevich O. Osobye deti: Vvedenie v prikladnoi analiz povedeniya (ABA) [Special children: Introduction to Applied behavior analysis]. Samara: Publ. Bakhrakh-M, 2014. 207 p. ISBN 978-5-946-48-109-0.
  20. Cooper J.O., Heron T.E., Heward W.L. Applied Behavior Analysis. Englewood Cliffs: Publ. PrenticeHall, 1987. 651 p. ISBN 0-675-20223-X.
  21. Partington W. The Assessment of Basic Language and Learning Skills — Revised (The ABLLS-R): [Vol. 1.] The ABLLS-R Protocol. Pleasant Hill: Publ. Behavior Analysts, 2006. 94 p. ISBN 0-9745151-5-9.
  22. Partington J.W. The Assessment of Basic Language and Learning Skills — Revised (The ABLLS-R): [Vol. 2.] Scoring Instructions and IEP Development Guide (The ABLLS-R Guide). Pleasant Hill: Publ. Behavior Analysts, 2006. 148 p. ISBN 0-9745151-6-7.

Information About the Authors

Yulianna V. Chizhova, Teacher-Researcher, Master in Special Education, Special Teacher, State Budgetary Educational Institution of Moscow «School no. 1514», Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2386-2490, e-mail: J.Chizhova@gmail.com

Metrics

Views

Total: 943
Previous month: 73
Current month: 4

Downloads

Total: 172
Previous month: 13
Current month: 2