Features of the Process of Professional Self-Determination in Children with Hearing Impairment

83

Abstract

This paper describes the results of a study of the process of professional self-determination of adolescents with hearing impairment. The authors dealing with this problem in the current century (Yu.S. Pyashkur, V.V. Tuarmensky and others) identified a number of features of the personal development of pupils of special educational institutions of adolescence and youth. Thus, communicative competence plays a significant role in the professional self-determination of adolescents with hearing impairments. The hypothesis about the special role of communicative competence in the process of professional self-determination of deaf adolescents was tested in the course of a study of students in a boarding school for children with hearing impairment aged 14–18 (N=23). The features of the professional inclinations of these students were revealed, a comparative analysis was carried out between the groups of adolescents and high school students. Based on the data obtained, a conclusion was made about the communicative orientation of activity as one of the most important targets for the professional self-determination of hearing-impaired adolescents. On the basis of the data obtained, a conclusion was made about the communicative competence of activity as one of the most important targets for professional self-determination of hearing-impaired adolescents.

General Information

Keywords: professional self-determination, professional orientation, deviant behavior of adolescents, illegal behavior

Journal rubric: Psychology of Self-Determination of the Personality in Education and Profession

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/bppe.2022190111

Acknowledgements. The authors would like to thank Natalya Igorevna Konobkina, Director of the Volgograd Boarding School No. 7, for her help in collecting data for the study.

Received: 30.12.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Krutsky V.M., Tikhomirov M.Y. Features of the Process of Professional Self-Determination in Children with Hearing Impairment [Elektronnyi resurs]. Vestnik prakticheskoi psikhologii obrazovaniya = Bulletin of Psychological Practice in Education, 2022. Vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 119–128. DOI: 10.17759/bppe.2022190111. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Alkhuri N.M. Professional’naya orientatsiya obuchayushchikhsya s narusheniem slukha [Elektronnyi resurs]. Nauka, obrazovanie i kul’tura = Science, Education and Culture, 2018, no. 2 (26), pp. 47–51. URL: https://scientificarticle.ru/images/PDF/2018/26/NOK-2-26.pdf (Accessed 21.04.2021). (In Russ.).
  2. Vasilyeva A.N., Fedorov S.I. Organizatsiya proforientatsionnoi raboty v korrektsionnoi shkole dlya slaboslyshashchikh [Organization of career guidance in a correctional school for the hearing impaired] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Perspektivy nauki = Science Prospects, 2019, no. 8 (119), pp. 123–125. URL: https://moofrnk.com/assets/files/journals/science-prospects/119/science-prospect-8(119)-main.pdf (Accessed 21.04.2021). (In Russ.).
  3. Manakova L.A. Rabota po proforientatsii kak forma sotsial’noi reabilitatsii vospitannikov v usloviyakh shkoly dlya obuchayushchikhsya s narusheniem slukha. In Rechitskaya E.G., Linkov V.V. (eds.). Obrazovanie lits s narusheniem slukha: dostizheniya i aktual’nye problemy: Materialy Vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii. Moscow: MPGU Publ., 2019, pp. 287–290. (In Russ.).
  4. Suslova O.I. Osnovy psikhologii detei s narusheniyami slukha: Uchebnoe posobie. Saratov: Izdatel’skii tsentr “Nauka”, 2013. 92 p. (In Russ.).
  5. Polozhenie invalodov. Federal’naya sluzhba gosudarstvennoi statistiki = Federal State Statistics Service [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: https://rosstat.gov.ru/folder/13964 (Accessed 17.01.2021). (In Russ.).
  6. Purgina E.I. Metodologicheskie podkhody v sovremennom obrazovanii i pedagogicheskoi nauke: Uchebnoe posobie. Yekaterinburg, 2015. 275 p. (In Russ.).
  7. Pyashkyr Yu.S. Professional’noe samoopredelenie podrostkov s narushennym slukhom i puti ego korrektsii [Professional self-determination of teenagers with the broken hearing and ways of its correction] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Mir nauki, kul’tury, obrazovaniya = The World of Science, Culture and Education, 2012, no. 3 (34), pp. 133–135. URL: http://amnko.ru/index.php/download_file/view/209/82/ (Accessed 17.04.2021). (In Russ.).
  8. Tikhomirov M.Yu. Vysshee obrazovanie i tsennostnye orientiry shkol’nikov i studentov. In Metelkova E.I. (ed.) Psikhologiya obrazovaniya: podgotovka kadrov i psikhologicheskoe prosveshchenie: Materialy IV Natsional’noi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii, Moskva, 13–15 dekabrya 2007 goda. Moscow: Obshcherossiiskaya obshchestvennaya organizatsiya “Federatsiya psikhologov obrazovaniya Rossii” Publ., 2007, pp. 299–300. (In Russ.).
  9. Tuarmensky V.V. Issledovanie professional’nogo samoopredeleniya shkol’nikov s narusheniyami slukha [A research of professional selfdetermination of pupils with a hearing disorder] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Nizhegorodskoe obrazovanie = The Nizhny Novgorod Education, 2016, no. 4, pp. 60–65. URL: http://www.nizhobr.nironn.ru/sites/default/files/Нижегородское%20образование%20№4%2C%202016_0.pdf (Accessed 17.04.2021). (In Russ.).

Information About the Authors

Viktor M. Krutsky, Graduate Student, Department of Pedagogy, Volgograd State Social Pedagogical University, Volgograd, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7067-2599, e-mail: krutskiy15@mail.ru

Mikhai Y. Tikhomirov, Senior Lecturer, Department of Psychology of Professional Activity, Faculty of Psychological, Pedagogical and Social Education, Volgograd State Social Pedagogical University, Volgograd, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5580-7106, e-mail: tcmich@mail.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 438
Previous month: 54
Current month: 53

Downloads

Total: 83
Previous month: 9
Current month: 13