Defining thought

3419

Abstract

The article presents V. V. Davydov's views on such notions as activity, ideal and consciousness, on their deep interrelation and the necessity of analyzing them as a continuous whole. The individual consciousness, according to Davydov, can be characterized as one's reproduction of ideal image of his/her activity and of other people's positions ideally represented in activity. Davydov considers human thought to be a specific mode of activity, a search for necessary conditions of actions by making changes (real or ideal) to the given situations, generally by modeling. The author states that in defining mental action it is necessary to bear in mind that it can only be revealed in overcoming the objective way of task solving, in other words, it is a conditional performance of objective operations, which takes into account the results of other people's actions fixed in a word. A notion should be regarded as a specific form, as a subject's means of action to reveal the hidden qualities of an object, which determines the special structure of the mental act.

General Information

Keywords: thought, activity, consciousness, ideal, action, model, mental action

Journal rubric: Theory and Methodology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Davydov V.V. Defining thought. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2006. Vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 3–16. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Avgustin. Tvoreniya. Kiev, 1900—1905. Ch. 2.
  2. Aristotel'. O dushe. M., 1937.
  3. Bahtin M.M. Estetika slovesnogo tvorchestva. M., 1979.
  4. Bernshtein N.A. Ocherki po fiziologii dvizhenii i fiziologii aktivnosti. M., 1966.
  5. Vygotskii L.S. Sobranie sochinenii: V 6 t. T. 3. M., 1983.
  6. Gal'perin P.Ya . Vvedenie v psihologiyu. M., 1976.
  7. Davydov V.V., Andronov V.P. Psihologicheskie usloviya proishozhdeniya ideal'nyh deistvii // Voprosy psihologii. 1979. №5.
  8. Davydov V.V., Zinchenko V.P. Princip razvitiya v psihologii. //Dialektika v naukah o prirode i cheloveke. Evolyuciya materii i ee strukturnye urovni. M., 1983.
  9. Davydov V.V. O metodike issledovaniya formirovaniya ponyatii u detei // Doklady APN RSFSR. 1957. №4.
  10. Davydov V.V. Problemy razvivayushego obucheniya. M., 1986.
  11. Dubrovskii D.I. Problema ideal'nogo. M., 1983.
  12. Il'enkov E.V. Dialekticheskaya logika. M., 1984.
  13. Il'enkov E.V. Ideal'noe // Filosofskaya enciklopediya. T. 2. M., 1962.
  14. Il'enkov E.V. Iskusstvo i kommunisticheskii ideal. M., 1984.
  15. Leont'ev A.N. Izbrannye psihologicheskie proizve-deniya: V 2 t. T. 2. M., 1983.
  16. Marks K., Engel's F. Sobranie sochinenii. T. 3.
  17. Marks K., Engel's F. Sobranie sochinenii. T. 23.
  18. Marks K., Engel's F. Sobranie sochinenii. T. 42.
  19. Marks K., Engel's F. Sobranie sochinenii. T. 46. Ch. I.
  20. Matyushkin A.M. Ob usloviyah vozniknoveniya analiza // Doklady APN RSFSR. 1959. №5.
  21. Ponomarev Ya.A. Vzaimootnoshenie pryamogo (osoznavaemogo) i pobochnogo (neosoznavaemogo) produktov deistvii // Voprosy psihologii. 1959. №4.
  22. Rubinshtein S.L. O myshlenii i putyah ego issledovaniya. M., 1958.
  23. Samoilov A.F. I.M. Sechenov i ego mysli o roli myshc v nashem poznanii prirody // Sechenov I.M., Pavlov I.P., Vvedenskii N.E. Fiziologiya nervnoi sistemy. T. III. M., 1952.
  24. Shtof V.A. Modelirovanie i filosofiya. M.; L., 1966.
  25. El'konin D.B. Psihologiya igry. M., 1978.

Information About the Authors

Vasily V. Davydov, Doctor of Psychology, Moscow, Russia

Metrics

Views

Total: 8517
Previous month: 68
Current month: 25

Downloads

Total: 3419
Previous month: 11
Current month: 8