Psychological Syndromes: Approaches to the Design of Content Diagnostics of Development



The paper describes several psychological syndromes (that is, unfavorable types of mental development) that were explored basing on the assumptions made by Lev Vygotsky and Daniil Elkonin. It analyzes the pos- sible causes of such syndromes, factors underlying their stability, prognostic estimates and therapeutic guide- lines. Taking three syndromes — 'authoritarian self-assertion', 'emotional estrangement' and 'intellectualism' — as an example, the paper demonstrates the general principle of the syndrome analysis: the disclosure of the 'vicious circle' securing the stability of the syndrome. Therapeutic work is thus focused mainly on destroying such 'circles'. The syndromes themselves were revealed using the clinical method basing on parental reports, anamnestic data collected in the course of psychological counseling, outcomes of psychological testing, and catamnesis.

General Information

Keywords: psychological diagnostics, psychological syndrome, interpersonal situation of development, positive feedback, prognosis of mental development, clinical method

Journal rubric: Memorable Dates

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Venger A.L. Psychological Syndromes: Approaches to the Design of Content Diagnostics of Development. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2014. Vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 20–25. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Venger A.L. Psihologicheskaja gotovnost' detej k obu- cheniju v shkole [Psychological readiness of children for school] Razvitie myshlenija i umstvennoe vospitanie doshkol'nika / Pod red. N.N. Podd'jakova, A.F. Govorkovoj. Moscow, 1985. P. 165—190.
  2. Venger A.L. Struktura psihologicheskogo sindroma [The structure of psychological syndrome]. Voprosy psihologii [Questions of psychology], 1994. № 4. P. 82—92.
  3. Venger A.L., Morozova E.I. Klinicheskaja psihologija razvitija: sostojanie i perspektivy [Clinical psychology Deve- lopment: Status and Prospects] Voprosy psihologii [Questions of psychology]. 2007. № 5. P. 3—12.
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  5. Vygotskij L.S. Problema vozrasta [Diagnostics develop- ment and pedological clinic difficult childhood]. Sobr. soch.: V 6-ti t. T. 4. Moscow, 1984. P. 243—268.
  6. Jel'konin D.B. Vozrastnye i individual'nye osobennosti mladshih podrostkov. Zakljuchenie [Age and individual char- acteristics of younger teenagers. Conclusion]. Izbrannye psi- hologicheskie trudy. Moscow, 1989. P. 275—280.
  7. Jel'konin D.B. Vyderzhki iz nauchnyh dnevnikov (1965—1983)  [Excerpts  from  scientific  journals  (1965—1983)]  Izbrannye  psihologicheskie  trudy.  Moscow,  1989. P. 480—519.
  8. Jel'konin D.B. Nekotorye voprosy diagnostiki psihich- eskogo razvitija detej [Some problems in the diagnosis of men- tal development of children]. Izbrannye psihologicheskie trudy. Moscow, 1989. P. 301—305.

Information About the Authors

Aleksandr L. Venger, Doctor of Psychology, professor, Department of Psychology, “Dubna” International University for Nature, Society and Man, Dubna State University, Associate Professor of the Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, member of the editorial board of the journal “Cultural-Historical Psychology”, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



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