Guidelines for Psychological Assistance to Chronically Ill Children and Their Parents

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Abstract

This study explored psychological features in 33 children aged 8—17 years suffering from rheumatic disorder and in their mothers. 11 children were in the emergency department, 22 in the department of rheumatology. The following methods were used: observation, conversation, the Draw-a-Person and Three Wishes tests, the Dembo-Rubinstein self-esteem scales, and the Parent’s Essay technique. According to the level of their mental activity the children were divided into 4 groups: ‘inactive’, ‘passive’, ‘relatively active’ and ‘active’. Working with the ‘inactive’ children was impossible; the main task was to help their mothers cope with emotional distress. The ‘passive’ children received emotional support and were taught how to understand and express their needs; their parents were taught how to communicate with the child in various ways. Working with the ‘relatively active’ children and their parents had the aim of reestablish- ing productive interactions between them. Working with the ‘active’ children consisted of supporting their self-esteem, self-respect and interests; their parents were taught to better understand age-specific and indi- vidual psychological features of the child and to take into account limitations caused by the illness.

General Information

Keywords: interpersonal situation of development, parent-child relationships, seriously ill child, child at hospital, parental attitudes, psychological assistance

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp.2016120106

For citation: Buslaeva A.S., Venger A.L., Lazurenko S.B. Guidelines for Psychological Assistance to Chronically Ill Children and Their Parents. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2016. Vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 56–65. DOI: 10.17759/chp.2016120106. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Anna S. Buslaeva, Researcher, Scientific Center of Children Health, Russian Ministry of Health, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: perepisska@yandex.ru

Aleksandr L. Venger, Doctor of Psychology, professor, Department of Psychology, “Dubna” International University for Nature, Society and Man, Dubna State University, Associate Professor of the Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, member of the editorial board of the journal “Cultural-Historical Psychology”, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: alvenger@gmail.com

Svetlana B. Lazurenko, Doctor of Education, Head of the Center for Inclusive Education Development, Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0642-8545, e-mail: preeducation@gmail.com

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