Intellectual Development of Elementary Schoolchildren and Their Performance on the Vygotsky-Sakharov Method



An attempt was made to reproduce L.S. Vygotsky’s study on development of concepts, in order to identify ways that contemporary 7- and 9-year-olds use to solve the task of the Vygotsky’s cubes (double stimulation technique). The assumption about the relationship between the dominant method of abstraction used by elementary schoolchildren and their level of intellectual development was tested. For the purposes of the study 197 children enrolled in 1st (n = 102) and 3rd classes (n = 95) were tested. Our results partially coincide with those obtained by other authors, and the differences and similarities are discussed. Qualitative differences in performance on the double stimulation technique were also found between the children scoring high versus low scores on the Raven’s SPM test, showing different thinking processes between those groups. We discuss the significance for further research of obtained relationship between the elementary schoolchildren approach to the double stimulation technique and the level of their intellectual development.

General Information

Keywords: Vygotsky-Sakharov method, elementary schoolchildren, concept development, intelligence, Standard Progressive Matrices

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Vucicevic B., Shumakova N.B. Intellectual Development of Elementary Schoolchildren and Their Performance on the Vygotsky-Sakharov Method. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2020. Vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 63–71. DOI: 10.17759/chp.2020160407.


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Information About the Authors

Bojana Vucicevic, MA in Psychology, PhD Student, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Natalia B. Shumakova, Doctor of Psychology, Leading Research Associate, Psychology of Giftedness Department, Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Professor, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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