Predictors of Meaningfulness of Life among Tuvans Living in Rural Areas and Cities of Tuva

8

Abstract

The article presents the results of a study of the characteristics of the value-semantic sphere of Tuvans living in remote rural areas of Tuva. The assumption was tested that one of the predictors of meaningfulness among Tuvans may be ethnicity: features of ethnic identity and values. Tuvans living in three rural districts of Tuva (Erzin, Mugur-Aksy, Toora-Khem) and Kyzyl were compared. 825 people were recruited for this study. To test this assumption, the multiple linear regression method was used: the dependent variable was the indicators of the PIL test, and the indicators of the “Values Questionnaire” by S. Schwartz and “Types of Ethnic Identity” (S.V. Ryzhova, G.U. Soldatova) were considered as predictors. It was shown that significant predictors of meaningfulness among Tuvans are ethnic negativism (-0.307), positive identity (0.148), values of achievement (0.195), power (-0.150) and kindness (0.098). Regression models obtained for individual regions had their own specifics. It was also shown that residents of the districts differ significantly in the indicators of the PIL test, scales of the “Types of Ethnic Identity”, as well as the values of conformity, tradition, kindness and universalism. Based on the results obtained, a conclusion was made about the contribution of ethnicity to the dynamics of meaningfulness among the residents of Tuva.

General Information

Keywords: meaningfulness, values, ethnic identity, ethnicity, value-semantic sphere, personality, Tuva, Tuvans, ethnopsychology, cross-cultural psychology

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp.2024200208

Funding. This work was supported by Russian Science Foundation (project No 21-18-00597. See details: https://rscf.ru/project/21-18-00597/.

Received: 17.12.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Shlyapnikov V.N. Predictors of Meaningfulness of Life among Tuvans Living in Rural Areas and Cities of Tuva. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2024. Vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 69–77. DOI: 10.17759/chp.2024200208. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Abylkalikov S. I., Baimurzina G. R. and Batalov R. O. Migratsiya naseleniya v Tuve po dannym Vserossiiskoi perepisi naseleniya 2020 goda [Migration of the population in Tuva according to the All-Russian Census of 2020]. Novye issledovaniya Tuvy [New Research of Tuva], 2023, no. 2, pp. 6—16. DOI:10.25178/nit.2023.2.1. (In Russ.).
  2. Bogoslovskaya N.A. Emotional Component of the Perceived Quality of Acoustic Events. Eksperimental'naya psihologiya  =  Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2023. Vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 170—181. DOI:10.17759/exppsy.2023160311. (In Russ.).
  3. Valiakhmetov R.M., Baimurzina G.R., Turakayev M.S., Samba A.D.-B. Etnosotsial’nye osobennosti zaniatosti naseleniya v respublikakh Tuva i Bashkortostan [Ethnic and Social Features of Employment in the Republics of Tuva and Bashkortostan]. Novye issledovaniya Tuvy [New Research of Tuva], 2021, no. 4, pp. 206—222. DOI:10.25178/nit.2021.4.15. (In Russ.).
  4. Dashkovskiy P. K., Shershneva E. A., Bicheldey U. P. and Mongush A. V. Religioznaya situatsiya v Respublike Tyva (po rezul'tatam sotsiologicheskogo issledovaniya) [Religious Situation in the Republic of Tuva (Based on the Results of a Sociological Study)]. Novye issledovaniya Tuvy [New Research of Tuva], 2021, no. 2, pp. 18—34. DOI:10.25178/nit.2021.2.2. (In Russ.).
  5. Demidov A.A., Ananyeva K.I., Samba A.D.-B. Representation of Oneself and Others in a Transitional Society: Intergenerational Analysis. Eksperimental'naya psihologiya  =  Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2022. Vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 123—138. DOI:10.17759/exppsy.2022150408. (In Russ.).
  6. Demidov A.A., Ananyeva K.I., Samba A.D.-B. Ethnic Representations of Tuvans about Themselves and Others: The Factor of Location. Eksperimental'naya psihologiya  =  Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2023. Vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 139—156. DOI:10.17759/exppsy.2023160209. (In Russ.).
  7. Ivannikov V. A. Osobennosti predstavlenii o lichnosti v sovetskoi psihologii [Specificity of the notion of personality in soviet psychology]. Voprosy psihologii [Voprosy Psychologii], 2019, no. 1, pp. 156—166. (In Russ.).
  8. Karandashev V.N. Metodika Shvarca dlja izucheniya cennostei lichnosti: koncepciya i metodicheskoe rukovodstvo [Schwartz's method for studying personal values: concept and methodological guidance]. Saint-Peterburg, Publ. Rech', 2004. 70 p. (In Russ.).
  9. Lamazhaa Ch.K. Sotsial'naya kul'tura tuvintsev i onlain-prostranstvo [Social Culture of Tuvans and Online Space]. Novye issledovaniya Tuvy [New Research of Tuva], 2021, no. 2, pp. 115—129. DOI:10.25178/nit.2021.2.10. (In Russ.).
  10. Lamazhaa Ch.K. Tuva kak limitrofnaya zona: yazyk, religiya i identifikatsiya naseleniya [Tuva as a limitrophe zone: language, religion and people’s identity]. Novye issledovaniya Tuvy [New Research of Tuva], 2021, no. 3, pp. 178—194. DOI:10.25178/nit.2021.3.14. (In Russ.).
  11. Lamazhaa Ch.K. Osnovnye problem issledovaniya rodstva i rodstvennykh grupp sovremennykh tuvintsev: pasportizatsiya, terminologiya i podderzhanie rodstva [The Main Issues of the Study of Kinship and Kin Groups of Contemporary Tuvans: Passportization, Terminology and Maintenance of Kinship]. Novye issledovaniya Tuvy [New Research of Tuva], 2021, no. 4, pp. 6—21. DOI:10.25178/nit.2021.4.1. (In Russ.).
  12. Lapin N. I., Beljaeva L. A., Bojko I. I. Atlas modernizacii Rossii i ee regionov: sociojekonomicheskie i sociokul'turnye tendencii i problemy [Atlas of modernization of Russia and its regions: socioeconomic and sociocultural trends and problems]. Moscow, Publ. "Ves' Mir", 2016. 360 p. (In Russ.).
  13. Lebedeva N.M., Tatarko A.N. Cennosti kul'tury [Cultural values]. Moscow, Publ. GU VShJe, 2007. 527 p. (In Russ.).
  14. Obukhov A.S. Psikhologiya lichnosti v kontekste realii traditsionnoi kulturi [Psychology of personality in the context of the realities of the traditional culture]. Moscow, Publ. «Prometei» MPGU, 2006. 352 p. (In Russ.).
  15. Osin E.N., Kosheleva N.V. Test smyslozhiznennyh orientacii: novye dannye o strukture i validnosti [Noetic orientations test: new data on structure and validity]. Voprosy psihologii [Voprosy Psychologii], 2020, no. 6, pp. 150—163. (In Russ.).
  16. Reiting rossiiskikh regionov po kachestvu zhizni — 2022 [Elektronnyi resurs] [Rating of Russian regions on quality of life]. MIA Rossiya segodnya [Russia Today], 2022. URL: https://ria.ru/20230213/kachestvo_zhizni-1850749274.html (Accessed 17.12.2023). (In Russ.).
  17. Samba A.D.-B. Retrospektivnyi analiz formirovaniya sotsial’no-professional’noi struktury naseleniya Respubliki Tyva [Retrospective analysis of the development of the social and professional structure of the population in the Republic of Tuva]. Novye issledovaniya Tuvy [New Research of Tuva], 2022, no. 3, pp. 135—149. DOI:10.25178/nit.2022.3.10. (In Russ.).
  18. Soldatova G.U. Psihologiya mezhjetnicheskoi naprjazhennosti [Psychology of Inter-Ethnic Tension]. Moscow: Publ. Smysl, 1998. 398 p. (In Russ.).
  19. Shlyapnikov V.N. Features of Volitional Regulation among Tuvans in the Conditions of Urbanization of Society. Eksperimental'naya psihologiya  =  Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2023. Vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 152—166. DOI:10.17759/exppsy.2023160109. (In Russ.).
  20. Shlyapnikov V.N. The Correlation of Peculiarities of Ethnic Identity and Living Conditions on the State of Volitional Regulation among Tuvans. Eksperimental'naya psihologiya  =  Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2022. Vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 99—111. DOI:10.17759/exppsy.2022150406. (In Russ.).
  21. Shlyapnikov V.N. Relationship between Volitional Regulation and Ethnic Identity. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya  =  Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2019. Vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 83—90. DOI:10.17759/chp.2019150309. (In Russ.).
  22. Schwartz S. H. An Overview of the Schwartz Theory of Basic Values. Online Readings in Psychology and Culture, 2012. Vol. 2, no. 1. DOI:10.9707/2307-0919.1116

Information About the Authors

Vladimir N. Shlyapnikov, PhD in Psychology, Head of the Department of Personality and Individual Differences, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4301-4229, e-mail: shlyapnikov.vladimir@gmail.com

Metrics

Views

Total: 22
Previous month: 0
Current month: 22

Downloads

Total: 8
Previous month: 0
Current month: 8