Individual Psychology and Humanistic Psychology. Convergences and divergences between therapeutic approaches of Alfred Adler and Carl Rogers



In various comparisons between Individual Psychology and Humanistic Psychology similarities in the concept of man are seen. Furthermore the connections in the life history between Adler, the founder of Individual Psychology, and Maslow and Rogers, the two most important persons in Humanistic Psychology are shown here; Adler even was their teacher in New York in a certain extent. Theoretical convergences and divergences between the both edifices of ideas are reviewed and on the basis of concrete statements Adler’s role as a guiding intellectual force of the movement of Humanistic Psychology and Person-centered Approach is pointed out. Finally the growing discussion about efforts for integration between the different therapeutic approaches will be examined.

General Information

Keywords: Alfred Adler, Carl Rogers, Individual Psychology, Humanistic Psychology, Person-centered Psychotherapy

Journal rubric: Opinions, Positions, Discussions

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Bondarenko O.R., Lukan U. Individual Psychology and Humanistic Psychology. Convergences and divergences between therapeutic approaches of Alfred Adler and Carl Rogers. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2010. Vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 175–190. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

O. R. Bondarenko, PhD in Psychology, Доцент кафедры психологии личности ГУ ВШЭ., Moscow, Russia, e-mail:

U. Lukan, Doctor of Philosophy, Austria, e-mail:



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