Standardization of the test «Family Emotional Communication»



Parent family plays an important role in the onset and course of affective spectrum disorders. There are few reliable psychological tests for adults to detect violations parent family system. We did a test «Family emotional communications». It reveals the to find the dysfunction in families of adult patients and to determine the target of psychotherapy. It was examined 460 adults (213 people — patients with affective disorders, 247 — population sample) to verify the reliability of this test. Factor analysis identified 7 scales in this test. Confirmatory analysis, verification test-retest reliability, coefficient of Cronbach’s Alpha, checking internal consistency and construct validity of the test showed that this test is a reliable and valid tool. This test is not influenced by gender, age and educational level. We have compared the parental families of patients with anxiety and depressive disorders with a group of people without any psychic disorder. Parent families of patients have more violations in the family system (overprotection, criticism, anxiety, emotional neglect). These violations can become the targets of psychotherapy of patients with affective disorders.

General Information

Keywords: disorders affective spectrum, patients with affective spectrum disorders, psychological tests, parent family, the family system dysfunctions

Journal rubric: Testing and Validating Instruments

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Kholmogorova A.B., Volikova S.V., Sorokova M.G. Standardization of the test «Family Emotional Communication». Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2016. Vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 97–125. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2016240405. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Alla B. Kholmogorova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Leading Researcher, Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry (A Branch of the National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology), Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Svetlana V. Volikova, PhD in Psychology, psychologist, Russian University of Transport (MIIT), Assistant Professor at the Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Chair, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Marina G. Sorokova, Doctor of Education, PhD in Physics and Matematics, docent, Head of Scientific and Practical Center for Comprehensive Support of Psychological Research "PsyDATA", Head of the Department of Digital Education, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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