Application of cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy in the treatment of restless legs syndrome



The paper demonstrates that the basis of treatment of the restless legs syndrome (RLS) is combination therapy, which includes medication and non-pharmacological approaches. The limitations of the medication approach are presented. For the first time, the following directive non-drug approaches used in the treatment of RLS with evidence-based effectiveness are systematized: body-mind approach, behavioral and cognitive-behavioral second- and third-wave psychotherapy, and rational-emotive-behavioral therapy.

General Information

Keywords: restless legs syndrome, cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy, medication approach, non-pharmacological approach, chronic insomnia

Journal rubric: Research Reviews

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Melehin A. Application of cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy in the treatment of restless legs syndrome. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2018. Vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 53–78. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2018260204. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Aleksey Melehin, PhD in Psychology, Associate professor, Stolypin Humanitarian Institute, clinical psychologist of the highest qualification category, somnologist, cognitive behavioral psychotherapist, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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