Semantic Differential of a Life Situation

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Abstract

The article presents the results of the development of the Semantic Differential of Life Situation (SDLS), implemented in the framework of psycho-semantic approach. The proposed method is aimed at assessing cognitive and emotional components of the subjective perception of life situation. As its main semantic axes, the following factors were identified: situation handling, emotional experience of the situation, positive expectations, ordinary and daily occurrence, resolvability, personal involvement and a belief that the situation is surmountable, energy, level of understanding. The approbation sample consists of adults who are in a conventionally normal (105 people) and difficult life situation (35 people). The results of the psychometric testing showed significant differences in their perceptive-cognitive image of the life situation, confirmed the criteria validity of the method, and discovered how some of the situation’s objective characteristics influenced the perception of the situation to a degree. The article presents the results of the development of the Semantic Differential of Life Situation (SDLS), implemented in the framework of psycho-semantic approach. The proposed method is aimed at assessing cognitive and emotional components of the subjective perception of life situation. As its main semantic axes, the following factors were identified: situation handling, emotional experience of the situation, positive expectations, ordinary and daily occurrence, resolvability, personal involvement and a belief that the situation is surmountable, energy, level of understanding. The approbation sample consists of adults who are in a conventionally normal (105 people) and difficult life situation (35 people). The results of the psychometric testing showed significant differences in their perceptive-cognitive image of the life situation, confirmed the criteria validity of the method, and discovered how some of the situation’s objective characteristics influenced the perception of the situation to a degree.

General Information

Keywords: semantic differential, life situation, semantic units, semantic approach

Journal rubric: Testing and Validating Instruments

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2018260307

For citation: Alexandrova O.V., Dermanova I.B. Semantic Differential of a Life Situation. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2018. Vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 127–145. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2018260307. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

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Information About the Authors

Olga V. Alexandrova, PhD in Psychology, Psychology, Division of Palliative Care, Autonomous Non-Commercial Organization “Childrens Hospice”, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: al-ov@bk.ru

Irina B. Dermanova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology of Development and Differential Psychology, Saint Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: dermanova@mail.ru

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