Sleep-related Complaints in Children 5-13 Years Old: Relationship between Children’s and Parental Appraisals. Part 2

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Abstract

The prevalence of sleep difficulties in children aged 5–13 in the context of rare requests from parents for help to specialists allows us to raise the question of what features of children's sleep parents notice and which of them they consider as a problem. Aim. To identify the features of recognition by parents of sleep difficulties in children aged 5–13 years and their subjective qualification their children’s sleep as a problem. Methods. In 147 pairs of «parent–child 5–13 years old without diagnosed sleep disorders» (47 pairs with a child 5–6 years old, 49 with a child 7–9 years old, 51 with a child 10–13 years old), parents answered questions about the pattern of children's sleep habits and completed the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire, while the children answered questions about the children's self–report about their sleep (Sleep Self–Report). Results. Despite the prevalence of various sleep difficulties in children aged 5–13 years, most of the symptoms, unless they are daily or extremely rare and culturally viewed as different from the norm, are rarely considered a problem by parents. The opinions of children and parents in relation to observable, externally verified behavioral manifestations were maximally coherent. The opinions of children and parents on aspects of sleep, which include not the manifestations themselves, but the assessment of their normativity, were not at all consistent with each other. Conclusions. The data point to both the importance of better informing parents about various aspects of children's sleep, and the relevance of clinicians' attention to those features of children's sleep that parents do not notice or are not considered a problem.

General Information

Keywords: sleep, children 5–13 years old, cognitive model of sleep disorders, psychology of corporeality, parental appraisals of sleep, sleep–related complaints

Journal rubric: Empirical Researches

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2023310403

Funding. Research was supported by the Russian Foundation for Fundamental Research, project 20-013-00740 “Development and disturbances of sleep-wake psychological regulation system: an approach of psychology of bodily functions regulation”.

For citation: Rasskazova E.I., Botasheva T.L., Kudryashov D.V., Zheleznyakova E.V., Zavodnov O.P., Vasilieva V.V. Sleep-related Complaints in Children 5-13 Years Old: Relationship between Children’s and Parental Appraisals. Part 2. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2023. Vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 47–64. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2023310403. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Elena I. Rasskazova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Neuro- and Patopsychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Senior Researcher,Mental Health Research Center, Senior Researcher, International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9648-5238, e-mail: e.i.rasskazova@gmail.com

Tatiana L. Botasheva, Doctor of Medicine, Professor, Chief Researcher, the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Research Institute of Obstetrics and Pediatrics of the Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-na-Donu, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5136-1752, e-mail: t_botasheva@mail.ru

Dmitriy V. Kudryashov, graduate, Clinical Psychology Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2922-5583, e-mail: kudryashov_dv@icloud.com

Elena V. Zheleznyakova, PhD in Medicine, Researcher, the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Research Institute of Obstetrics and Pediatrics of the Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-na-Donu, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4496-6387, e-mail: elena.Gel.1961@yandex.ru

Oleg P. Zavodnov, PhD in Biology, Researcher, the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Research Institute of Obstetrics and Pediatrics of the Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-na-Donu, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9555-2267, e-mail: ozz2007@mail.ru

Valentina V. Vasilieva, Doctor of Biology, Leading Researcher, Pediatric Department, Research Institute of Obstetrics and Pediatrics of the Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-na-Donu, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5948-6605, e-mail: v.vasiljeva1965@mail.ru

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