State of Addiction: Metapsychological Approach

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Abstract

This article presents scientific concept of addiction as a psychological state from a position metapsychological approach. Addiction understood as complex multi-level psychological phenomenon. This paper describes the model of addiction state as general-psychological phenomena, realized in system of relations of subject-object direction in phenomenological, functional-dynamic and determinational levels, taking into account its genesis, including appearing, immersion and transformation of state of addiction. The result of categorical construction of the meaning “state of addiction” being summarized. As an outcome of this result we constructed the “trust-addiction model. The logical meaning of “addiction” concept being shown. Categorical core of this concept is “attitude”. This concept describes specific nature of addiction state – its subject-object direction in the system of relations. This system is projected in metapsychological context of motivation, experience, action, subject and situation. This context by itself is revealed in features of addiction. This article reviews diagnostics and psychotherapeutic potential of author’s modification of association experiment in psychological support in the state of addiction.

General Information

Keywords: state of addiction, subject-object direction of relations, mechanism of immersion appearance, mechanism of addiction state transformation

Journal rubric: Theoretical Research

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Zapesotskaya I.V., Nikishina V.B. State of Addiction: Metapsychological Approach [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2013. Vol. 2, no. 2 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Irina V. Zapesotskaya, Doctor of Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of Organization of Professional Education and Educational Technologies, Continuing Professional Education Faculty, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3535-5779, e-mail: zapesotskaya@mail.ru

Vera B. Nikishina, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Head of the Department of Clinical Psychology, Director of the Institute of Clinical Psychology and Social Work, Russian National Research Medical University named after N.I. Pirogov (FGAOU VO Russian National Research Medical University named after N.I. Pirogov), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2421-3652, e-mail: vbnikishina@mail.ru

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