Child-Parent Interactions in Families Raising Children with Hearing Impairment



Article reveals communication (information exchange) between parents and their deaf children. The effectiveness of information exchange in different communication means between parents and children having hearing loss was investigated. Effectiveness here is an opportunity of fast understanding of the information given by one participant to another. Special experimental situation was constructed to measure the effectiveness. This situation was divided in two parts: at first parent was giving instructions to the child, then – child was giving instructions to the parent. The time that was needed to follow the instructions was measured, and communication means were registered. 17 deaf children and their mothers participated in the study. 5 of those mothers also have hearing impairment and do know sign language. Control group was represented by 10 regular developing children and their parents. Experimental results allows us to make the conclusion that there are significant difficulties in information exchange between parent and child in families raising deaf children. These difficulties are more shown in situations when children have to understand parents’ instructions and are the result of not very efficient communication means that parents use in several cases. The most efficient communication means that allow receiving information faster, accurately and fully is Russian sign language. That is shown by the best results of information exchange in pairs of mother and child both having hearing loss.

General Information

Keywords: deaf children, child-parent interaction, communication, Russian sign language, special means of communication

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Nikitina Y.V., Khokhlova A.Y. Child-Parent Interactions in Families Raising Children with Hearing Impairment [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2015. Vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 67–83. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Y. V. Nikitina, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:

Alina Y. Khokhlova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Psychologist, the Resource Center Supporting Deafblind and their Family Members “Yaseneva Polyana”, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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