Specificity of Communication Difficulties оf Children with Disabilities

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Abstract

The article attempts to answer the question: «Does disabilities of the child connected with the occurrence of difficulties in communication? » Author tests the hypothesis that adolescents with disabilities along with common age communication problems in the process of interpersonal communication have specific, different from communication difficulties of typically developing peers. Communicative characteristics and specifics communication difficulties of the three groups of younger teenagers (30 in each group) aged 12-13 years – children with visual impairment, hearing loss, and children with typical development are compared. Difficulty in communication in adolescents studied in two directions: a subjective component is detected by means of content analysis of pending proposals; objective manifestations recorded by peer review of communicative behavior of the child. The results show that children with disabilities, who live in a state of chronic stress, significantly more often (r≤0,02) compared with peers who have typical development, experience communication difficulties in a communicative situations (basic, meaningful, instrumental, reflexive). Determined individually specific and general communication difficulties inherent in children with various disabilities.

General Information

Keywords: teen, difficulty communicating, communication difficulties, subjective experiences, visual impairment, hearing impairment

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Samokhvalova A.G. Specificity of Communication Difficulties оf Children with Disabilities [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2015. Vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 39–53. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Anna G. Samokhvalova, Doctor of Psychology, Assistant Professor, Director of the Institute of Pedagogy and Psychology, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4401-053X, e-mail: samohvalova@kmtn.ru

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