Testing a Modified Version of the Spenn-Fisher Codependency Scale

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Abstract

The article presents the adaptation process of the modified Spenn-Fisher code of co-dependence, which allows to measure the severity of co-dependency. The study was conducted on a sample of students (N=227) and cadets (N=38) of higher educational institutions. The theoretical construct of codependency as a psychosocial state, which includes an external locus of control, a tendency to suppress emotions and an increased importance of interpersonal relationships, confirmed by the data of cluster analysis. The questionnaire showed acceptable rates of both reliability-consistency and retest reliability. The constructive validity of the methodology was confirmed by significant correlations that substantiate underlying construct of codependency. The high level of codependency positively correlates with the external locus of control, the suppression of emotions, anxiety, and negatively correlates with the affective component of interpersonal relations, the benevolence of the external world and beliefs about control. The psychometric data obtained during the study are largely consistent with the results of the authors of the original scale and indicate a successful adaptation of the methodology in the Russian sample.

General Information

Keywords: codependency, adaptation, Modified Spenn–Fisher codependency scale, emotional suppression, locus of control, psychodiagnostics, psychometric

Journal rubric: Methods and Techniques

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2019080113

Funding. This work according to the task of Federal agency of Scientific Orgnizations № 0159-2018-0007.

For citation: Berdichevsky A.A., Padun M.A., Gagarina M.A. Testing a Modified Version of the Spenn-Fisher Codependency Scale [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2019. Vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 215–234. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2019080113. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Alexei A. Berdichevsky, PhD Student, COVID-19 Clinical Сenter, Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry n.a. Evdokimov, Psychologist-Consultant, Autonomous Non-Profit Organization "Unquenchable Hope", Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5709-9772, e-mail: berdichevsky.alexey@gmail.com

Maria A. Padun, PhD in Psychology, Senior Research Assistant, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9876-4791, e-mail: maria_padun@inbox.ru

Maria A. Gagarina, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology and Human Capital Development, Financial University, Associate Researcher, Laboratory of Social and Economic Psychology, Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7812-7875, e-mail: mgagarina224@gmail.com

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