Perceived Stress and Coping Strategies of Healthcare Workers in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic

813

Abstract

In 2020, the world faced the COVID-19 pandemic. Medical workers who are fighting for the lives and health of patients in the "red zones" were on the front line in this struggle. The huge level of responsibility, the increasing duration of shifts, difficult working conditions, fears for their health and the health of their loved ones, and many other factors determined the fact that doctors themselves began to need support for their physical and psychological well-being. The purpose of our work was to study the level of perceived stress in the context of the features of coping strategies in medical professionals with different practical experience (students, practicing doctors) in the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic. The total number of study participants was 59 people, including 35 experienced medical workers aged 33 to 72 years (M=47,88; SD=9,44) and 24 medical students aged 20 to 29 years (M=24,16; SD=3,21) without professional experience, but who voluntarily went to work in the "red zones" during the pandemic. As a result of the study, data were obtained on high levels of perceived stress and overstrain by medical professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic, which is especially pronounced in students. The differences between experienced doctors and medical students were revealed according to the criterion of their preference for certain coping strategies, namely, the predominance of "Escape–avoidance" coping among students. The connection of dominant coping behavior strategies with the level of perceived stress is also established: students who resort to confrontational coping experience a higher level of perceived stress, and a decrease in their level of overexertion is associated with a greater degree of self-control strategy. Experienced doctors do not have both of these connections.

General Information

Keywords: psychological characteristics of healthcare workers, COVID-19 pandemic, stress levels, coping strategies, coping behavior

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2021100305

For citation: Doronina T.V., Okulova A.E., Arcishevskaya E.V. Perceived Stress and Coping Strategies of Healthcare Workers in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2021. Vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 64–83. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2021100305. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Tatyana V. Doronina, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of General Psychology, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4680-4461, e-mail: doroninatv@mgppu.ru

Anastasiya E. Okulova, student, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2178-1403, e-mail: okulova.anastasiy@yandex.ru

Elena V. Arcishevskaya, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of General Psychology, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3825-0227, e-mail: arcishevskayaev@mgppu.ru

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