Analysis of Individual and Social Forms of Psychological Trauma



The article attempts to determine its socio-psychological essence through the analysis of the social form of psychological trauma, as well as to identify the psychological nature of the pathological neoplasms that have arisen as a result of it, the specificity of which largely determines the methods and technology of personalistic counseling. These neoplasms are both individual psychological, including the sphere of experiences, and socio-psychological, affecting the relationship of the victims. The integration of the dominant parasitic "Ego" into the depth of the victim's personality, up to the very first level of the primary trusting relationship between the all-powerful and loving mother and a helpless child, we called the introjection of the personifier. As a result of the analysis, we come to the need for a specific restructuring of the irrational relationships of the victim with two other participants in the traumatic situation: the beneficiary, who receives personal benefits from this situation, and the reference group of the victim, who is traumatically personified by him in the image of an impersonal social personifier. The main methods of victims’ examination during the thirty years of counseling were: clinical conversation and projective methods of personality research.

General Information

Keywords: orientation, inexhaustibility of trauma, traumatic situation, personifier, personifier introjection, power relationships, basic trust, fluctuation of social norms, social choice

Journal rubric: Scientific Discussions

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Krasilo A.I. Analysis of Individual and Social Forms of Psychological Trauma [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2021. Vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 283–298. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2021100314. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Aleksandr I. Krasilo, PhD in Psychology, Professor, Department of Child and Adolescent Clinical Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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