Adolescent Resilience Profiles (on the Example of Adolescents with Congenital, Acquired Disabilities and Healthy Peers)

264

Abstract

The problem of the research is important in the context of psychological assistance and interaction with adolescents with disabilities. The study aimed to carry out a comparative analysis of the resilience profiles of adolescents with congenital (cerebral palsy), acquired disabilities (oncology, rheumatic diseases) and healthy peers. The study involved 51 adolescents with cerebral palsy, 61 with oncological diseases, 51 with rheumatic diseases and 86 conditionally healthy adolescents aged 13 to 18 years old. In total it embraced 249 teenagers (mean age 14.94+1.48), of which 128 were male and 121 were female. There were used the following methods: the “Victimity” questionnaire (M.A. Odintsova, N.P. Radchikova), “Resilience Test” (E.N. Osin, E.I. Rasskazova) and “COPE” questionnaire (E.I. Rasskazova, T.O. Gordeeva, E.N. Osin). The study revealed significant differences in the resilience profiles of adolescents from different groups: healthy teenagers are mainly characterized by unstable and resilient profiles; adolescents with oncology and rheumatic diseases — by all three profiles; adolescents with cerebral palsy — by victim and unstable ones. The female part of the sample, unlike the male part, are characterized by unstable and victim profiles. The most significant differences in groups with different resilience profiles were found in coping strategies related to the dysfunctional coping style. The use of coping strategies: behavioral disengagement, mental disengagement, concentration on emotions and humor leads to a decrease in resilience in the boys of the entire sample. Concentration on emotions, behavioral disengagement, mental disengagement, and infrequent use of active coping are predictors of reduced resilience in girls.

General Information

Keywords: resilience profile, victimity, coping strategies, adolescents, child cerebral palsy, oncology, rheumatic diseases, healthy adolescents, congenital disability, acquired disability

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2022110308

Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Science Foundation (RSCF), project number 22-28-00820 (Psychological resources of socially vulnerable groups in the face of modern challenges (on the example of people with disabilities and their families).

Received: 04.05.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Odintsova M.A., Lubovsky D.V., Gusarova E., Ivanova P. Adolescent Resilience Profiles (on the Example of Adolescents with Congenital, Acquired Disabilities and Healthy Peers) [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2022. Vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 181–204. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2022110308. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Maria A. Odintsova, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Head of the Department of Psychology and Pedagogy of Distance Learning, Faculty of Distance Learning, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3106-4616, e-mail: mari505@mail.ru

Dmitry V. Lubovsky, PhD in Psychology, associate professor, Professor of the UNESCO Department “Cultural and Historical Psychology of Childhood”, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7392-4667, e-mail: lubovsky@yandex.ru

Elena Gusarova, MA in Psychology, Moderator, Scientific and Practical Center for Comprehensive Support of Psychological Research PsyDATA, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6968-5253, e-mail: bondarevaes@fdomgppu.ru

Polina Ivanova, MA in Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education graduate, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6343-4979, e-mail: ivanova.polina.andreevna@gmail.com

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