Reaction time in the system of study of the nature of intelligence and special abilities

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Abstract

The paper describes the results of a large cycle of studies of the association of rate of differentiation of stimuli (using the method of speeded classification) with intelligence, academic performance, special abilities, cognitive differentiation characteristics of intellectual and personal development, conducted within the framework of a systemic-structural approach (Chuprikova N. I., Kholodnaya M. A.), which may further contribute to the solution of questions about the biological bases of individual differences in mental abilities. In contrast to H. Eysenck, who considers biological intelligence as a mere speed of nerve impulses in the neural circuits, this concept considers the discriminative ability of the brain as the biological basis of intelligence.

General Information

Keywords: reaction time, intelligence, biological basis of intelligence, cognitive structures, differentiation and integration, discriminative ability of the brain, high-speed method of classification, differentiation of objects, correlations

Journal rubric: Psychology of Personality

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Ratanova T.A. Reaction time in the system of study of the nature of intelligence and special abilities. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2011. Vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 86–96. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Tamara A. Ratanova, Doctor of Psychology, Dr. Sci. in Psychology, Professor, Chair of Education in Psychology and Pedagogy, Sholokhov Moscow State Humanitarian University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: sergevith@mail.ru

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