Features оf influence of the basic personality traits on indicators of intelligence in men and women



The present work is devoted to the study of the influence of personality traits on the level of intelligence from gender perspective. The results of the study, the conceptual basis of which was the model of personality of H. Eysenck and C. Robert Cloninger, indicate that Extroversion and Neuroticism are the predictors of the level of verbal intelligence in men, and Novelty Seeking and Reward Dependence are predictors of the level of figurative intelligence. In women, Neuroticism had the most pronounced influence on level of both verbal and figurative intelligence: higher IQ was associated with higher emotional stability.

General Information

Keywords: personality traits, intelligence components, gender differences

Journal rubric: Psychology of Personality

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Razumnikova O.M. Features оf influence of the basic personality traits on indicators of intelligence in men and women . Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2013. Vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 31–39. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Ajzenk C. B. G., Pakula A., Goshtautas A. Standartizacija lichnostnogo oprosnika Ajzenka dlja vzroslogo naselenija Litvy // Psihologicheskij zhurnal. 1991. № 12. S. 83–89.
  2. Razumnikova O. M. Oprosnik Kloningera dlja opredelenija temperamenta i haraktera // Sibirskij psihologicheskij zhurnal. 2005. № 22. S. 150–152.
  3. Razumnikova O. M., Vol'f N. V., Tarasova I. V. Strategija i rezul'tat: polovye razlichija v jelektrograficheskih korreljatah verbal'noj i obraznoj kreativnosti // Fiziologija cheloveka. 2009. № 3. S. 31–41.
  4. Ackerman P. L., Heggestad E. D. Intelligence, personality, and interests: Evidence for overlapping traits // Psychological Bulletin. 1997. V. 121. Р. 219–245.
  5. Al-Halabí S., Herrero R., Sáiz P.A., García-Portilla M.P., Errasti J.M., Corcoran P., Bascarán M.T., Bousoño M., Lemos S., Bobes J. A cross-cultural comparison between Spain and the USA: Temperament and character distribution by sex and age // Psychiatry Research. 2011. V. 186. P. 397–401.
  6. Baker T. J., Bichsel J. Personality predictors of intelligence: Differences between young and cognitively healthy older adults // Pers. Individ. Differ. 2006. V. 41. P. 861–871.
  7. Buckingham R., Kiernan M., Ainsworth S. Fluid insight moderates the relationship between psychoticism and crystallized intelligence // Pers. Individ. Differ. 2012. V. 52. P. 406–410.
  8. Bymes J. P., Miller D. C., Schafer W. D. Gender differences in risk taking: A Meta-analysis // Psychol. Bulletin. 1999. V. 125. № 3. P. 367–383.
  9. Chamorro-Premuzic T., Furnham А. A possible model for understanding the personality–intelligence interface // British Journal Psychology. 2004. V. 95. P. 249–264.
  10. Chamorro-Premuzic T., Furnham A. Self-assessed intelligence and academic performance // Educational Psychology. 2006. V. 26. P. 769779.
  11. Chamorro-Premuzic T., Furnham A., Petrides K. Personality and intelligence: The relationship of Eysenck’s Giant Three with verbal and numerical ability // Journal Individual Differencese 2006. V. 27. № 3. P. 147–150.
  12. Cloninger C. R. A psychobiological model of temperament and character // Arch. Gen. Psychiatry. 1993. V. 50. P. 975–990.
  13. Deary I. J., Strand S., Smith P., Fernandez C. Intelligence and educational achievement // Intelligence. 2007. V. 35. P. 1321.
  14. De Young C. G. Intelligence and personality // The Cambridge handbook of intelligence / Eds. R. J. Sternberg, S. B Kaufman. N.Y.: Cambridge University Press. 2011. P. 711–737.
  15. Eysenck H. J. The relationship between IQ and personality // Personality psychology in Europe / Eds. G. L. Van Heck., P. Bonainto, I. J. Deary, W. Nowack. Tilburg: Tilburg Univ. Press. 1993. P. 159–181.
  16. Furnham A., Moutafi J., Chamorro-Premuzic T. Personality and Intelligence: Gender, the Big Five, SelfEstimated and Psychometric Intelligence // Int. J. Selection and Assessment. 2005. V. 13. № 1. P. 11–24.
  17. Furnham A., Forde L., Cotter T. Personality and intelligence // Pers. Individ. Differ. 1998. V. 24. P. 187–192.
  18. Gratz K. L., Roemer L. Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation and dysregulation: Development, factor structure, and initial validation and difficulties in emotion regulation scale // J. Psychopath. Behav. Assessment. 2004. V. 26. P. 41–54.
  19. Haier R. J., Jung R., Yeo R. A., Head K., Alkire M. T. The neuroanatomy of general intelligence: Sex matters // NeuroImage. 2005. V. 25. P. 320–327.
  20. Harris C. R., Jenkins M. S. Gender differences in risk assessment: Why do women take fewer risks than men? // Judgment and Decision Making. 2006. V. 1. № 1. P. 48–63.
  21. Johnson W., Bouchard T. J. Jr. Sex differences in mental abilities: g masks the dimensions on which they lie // Intelligence. 2007. V. 35. P. 23–39.
  22. Kring A. M., Gordon A. H. Sex differences in emotion: Expression, experience, and physiology // J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 1998. V. 74. P. 686–703.
  23. Luciano M., Leisser R., Wright M.J., Martin N.G. Personality, arousal theory and the relationship to cognitive ability as measured by inspection time and IQ // Pers. Individ. Differ. 2004. V. 37. P. 1081–1089.
  24. Luders E., Narr K. I., Thompson P. M., Rex D. E., Jancke L., Steinmetz H., et al. Gender differences in cortical complexity // Nature Neuroscience. 2004. V. 7. P. 799800.
  25. Lynn R., Martin T. Gender differences in extraversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism in 37 nations // J. Soc. Psychol. 1997. V. 137. № 3. P. 369–373.
  26. Miettunen J., Veijola J., Lauronen E., Kantojärvi L., Joukamaa M. Sex differences in Cloninger’s temperament dimensions-a meta-analysis // Compr Psychiatry. 2007. V. 48. № 2. P. 161–169.
  27. Petrides K. V., Furnham A. The role of trait emotional intelligence in a gender-specific model of organizational variables // J. Applied Soc. Psychol. 2006. V. 36. № 2. P. 552–569.
  28. Robinson D. L. On the biological determination of personality structure // Pers. Individ. Differ. 1986. V. 7. № 3. P. 435–438.
  29. Snopek M., Hublova V., Porubanova M., Blatny M. Psychometric properties of the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R) in Czech adolescent sample // Compr. Psychiatry. 2012. V. 53. № 1. P. 71–80.
  30. Van Schuerbeek P., Baeken C., De Raedt R., De Mey J., Luypaert R. Individual differences in local gray and white matter volumes reflect differences in temperament and character: A voxel-based morphometry study in healthy young females // Brain Res. 2011. № 1371. P. 32–42.
  31. Weisberg Y. J., DeYoung C. G., Hirsh J. B. Gender differences in personality across the ten aspects of the Big Five // Frontiers in Psychol. 2011. V. 2. Article 178.
  32. Wolf M. B., Ackerman P. L. Extraversion and intelligence. A meta-analytic investigation // Pers. Individ. Differ. 2005. V. 39. P. 531–542.
  33. Zlomke K. R,., Hahn K. S. Cognitive emotion regulation strategies: Gender differences and associations to worry // Pers. Individ. Differ. 2010. V. 48. № 4. P. 408–413.

Information About the Authors

Olga M. Razumnikova, Doctor of Biology, Professor of the Department of Psychology and Pedagogic, Novosibirsk State Technical University, Novosibirsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7831-9404, e-mail: razoum@mail.ru



Total: 5040
Previous month: 21
Current month: 9


Total: 1824
Previous month: 4
Current month: 1