Tolerance and intolerance of ambiguity in the modification of Budner’s questionnaire



In this paper, we examined Budner’s (1962) intolerance of ambiguity scale with respect to its reliability and factor structure on a sample of 1082 Russian-speaking participants. The questionnaire demonstrated a two-factor structure and showed satisfactory internal consistency (reliability) and validity. We also report on a set of correlations between the questionnaire’s scales and behavioral measures of academic intelligence, emotional intelligence and academic achievement.

General Information

Keywords: tolerance for ambiguity, tolerance for uncertainty, intolerance for ambiguity, intolerance for uncertainty, Budner’s intolerance of ambiguity scale, intelligence, emotional intelligence, academic achievement

Journal rubric: Tools

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Kornilova T.V., Chumakova M.A. Tolerance and intolerance of ambiguity in the modification of Budner’s questionnaire . Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2014. Vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 92–110. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Tatyana V. Kornilova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Department of General Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Mariya A. Chumakova, PhD in Psychology, Associate professor, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Psychology, HSE University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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