Monotropism of attention in autistic children



Detection of new events occurring outside the focus of attention is fundamental to adaptive functioning and is most critical when attention is focused elsewhere. The unattended novel sensory events may demand further analysis according to their task relevance and may appear important for survival. Behavioral findings reviewed in this article imply that brains of many people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are, to a certain extent, impenetrable to such unattended but potentially salient changes in the immediate sensory environment. This deficit may lead to a spectrum of unusual behaviors that are typically observed in individuals with ASD, and, being considered from different perspectives, appear as arousal regulation problems, attention re-orienting difficulties or abnormal modulation of the behavioral response to sensory events.

General Information

Keywords: autism spectrum disorder (ASD), arousal, alerting, attention re-orienting, disengagement

Journal rubric: Psychology of Perception

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Stroganova T.A., Orekhova E.V., Galuta I.A. Monotropism of attention in autistic children. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2014. Vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 66–82. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Tatyana A. Stroganova, Doctor of Biology, Senior Researcher, Centre of Neurocognitive Research (MEG Centre), Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Elena V. Orekhova, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Centre of Neurocognitive Research (MEG Centre), Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Ilya A. Galuta, Laboratory for Interdisciplinary Autism Research, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



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