Personality traits and intelligence as predictors of decision making process in gambling strategies of IOWA gambling task (on the sample of military executives)



We present the results of empiric researches for decision making strategy of Iowa Gambling Task (Iowa Gambling Task – IGT) based on focus group of mid-level military leaders (N=120). We analyzed a correlation between such personality traits as tolerance for uncertainty, rationality, risk readiness, traits of Dark triad and Big Five, and also common level of intellectual abilities (KOT – short selective test), and pragmatic successful result of consistent process of decision making in the situation with main target as maximum possible profit. It was found that gradual choice analysis gives extra information about self-regulation strategies while decision making.

General Information

Keywords: decision making, Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), intelligence, Big Five, Dirty Dozen, rationality, risk readiness, tolerance for uncertainty

Journal rubric: Psychology of Thinking

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Krasnov E.V. Personality traits and intelligence as predictors of decision making process in gambling strategies of IOWA gambling task (on the sample of military executives). Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2017. Vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 54–66. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2017100205. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Bechara A., Damasio H., Damasio A.R., Tranel D. The Iowa Gambling Task and the somatic marker hypothesis: some questions and answers. Trends in cognitive sciences, 2005, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 159–162.
  2. Brevers D., A. Bechara, A. Cleeremans, X. Noël. Iowa Gambling Task (IGT): twenty years after-gambling disorder and IGT. Frontiers in psychology, 2013, vol. 4, p. 665.
  3. Buzin V.N. Kratkij otborochnyj test. [Short screening test]. Moscow, Smysl Publ., 1992.
  4. Chumakova М.А., Krasnov E.V. Professionalnye razlichiya v igrovyh strategiyah iowa gambling task [Professional differences in gambling strategies of Iova Gambling task]. In Sedmaya mezhdunarodnaya konferenciya po kognitivnoj nauke [7-th International Conference on Cognitive Science]. 2016, pp. 627–628. (In Russ.)
  5. Crysel L., Crosier B.S., Webster G.D. The Dark Triad and risk behavior. Personality and Individual Differences, 2013, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 35–40.
  6. Damasio A.R., Tranel D., Damasio H. Somatic markers and the guidance of behaviour: theory and preliminary testing. In H.S. Levin, H.M. Eisenberg, A.L. Benton (Eds.), Frontal lobe function and dysfunction. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.
  7. Fukui H., T. Murai, H. Fukuyama, T. Hayashi,T. Hanakawa. Functional activity related to risk anticipation during performance of the Iowa Gambling Task. Neuroimage, 2005, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 253–259.
  8. Grasman R.P.P.P., Wagenmakers E.J. A DHTML implementation of the Iowa Gambling Task. 2005.
  9. Jonason P.K., Webster G.D. The dirty dozen: a concise measure of the dark triad. Psychological assessment, 2010, vol. 22, no. 2, p. 420.
  10. Kornilov S.A., Krasnov E.V., Kornilova T.V., Chumakova M.A. Individual diff erences in Performance on Iowa Gambling Task are Predicted by Tolerance and Intolerance for Uncertainty. In EuroAsianPacifi c Joint Conference on Cognitive Science (EAPCogSci2015). Torino, Italy (2015, September). URL: http:// P. 728–731.
  11. Kornilova T.V. Intellektualno-lichnostnyj potencial cheloveka v usloviyah neopredelennosti I riska [Intellectual and personal potential of a person under the conditions of uncertainty and risk]. Saint Petersburg, Nestor-Istoriya Publ., 2016. 344 p. (In Russ.)
  12. Kornilova T.V. Novyi oprosnik tolerantnosti – intolerantnosti k neopredelennosti [A new questionnaire measuring tolerance and intolerance towards uncertanity]. Psihologicheskij zhurnal, 2010, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 74–86. (In Russ.)
  13. Kornilova T.V., Kornilov S.А., Chumakova М.А., Talmach М.S. Metodika diagnostiki lichnostnyh chert «temnoj triady»: aprobaciya oprosnika «Temnaya dyuzhina» [Method for diagnostics of personality traits of Dark triad: approbation of the questionnaire “The dark dozen”]. Psihologicheskij zhurnal, 2015, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 99–112. (In Russ.)
  14. Kornilova T.V., Chudina Т.V. Lichnostnye I situacionnye factory prinyatiya reshenij v usloviyah dialoga s EHVM [Personality and situational factors of decision making under the conditions of dialogue with EHVM]. Psihologicheskij zhurnal, 1990, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 32–37. (In Russ.)
  15. Kornilova T.V., Chumakova М.А. Aprobaciya kratkogo oprosnika bolshoj pyaterki (TIPI, KOBT) [Approvation of a short questionnaire of the Big Five (TIPI, KOBT)]. Psihologicheskiе issledovaniya, 2016, vol. 9, no. 46, pp. 5. (In Russ.)
  16. Kornilova T.V., Chumakova М.А., Kornilov S.А., Novikova М.А. Psihologiya neopredelennosti: edinstvo intellektualno-lichnostnogo potenciala cheloveka [Psychology of uncertainty: the unity of intellectual and personal potential of a person]. Мoscow, Smysl Publ., 2010. pp. 334. (In Russ.)
  17. Krasavceva Yu.V., Kornilova T.V. Svojstva temnoj triady v regulyacii strategij prinyatiya reshenij (na materiale igrovoj zadachi Ajova – IGT) [Qualities of the Dark triad in regulation of decision making strategies (in gambling strategies of Iowa gambling task]. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo oblastnogo universiteta. Seriya: Psihologicheskiе nauki, 2016, vol. 2, pp. 22–33. (In Russ.)
  18. Medvedeva T.I., Enikolopova Е.V., Enikolopov S.N. Gipoteza somaticheskih markerov Damasio i igrovaja zadacha (IGT): obzor [The hypothesis of somatic markers of Damasio and a playing tasks: a review]. Psihologicheskiе issledovaniya, 2013, vol. 6, no. 32, p. 10. (In Russ.)
  19. Paulhus D.L., Williams K.M. The dark triad of personality: Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy. Journal of research in personality, 2002, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 556–563.
  20. Reshetnikov М.М. Psihologiya vojny: ot lokalnoj do yadernoj. Prognozirovanie sostoyaniya povedeniya i deyatelnosti lydej [The psychology of war: from local to nuclear wars. Predicting personal states, behaviors and activities]. Saint Petersburg, Vostochno-Evropejskij Institut Psihoanaliza Publ., 2011. 496 p. (In Russ.)
  21. Sternberg R.J., Forsajt J.B., Hedland J., Grigorenko E.L. Prakticheskij intellect [Practical intelligence]. Saint Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2002. 272 p. (In Russ.)

Information About the Authors

Evgeny V. Krasnov, applicant of the Department of General psychology of psychology faculty, Moscow state University. M. V. Lomonosova, Khimki, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 2554
Previous month: 15
Current month: 7


Total: 1528
Previous month: 4
Current month: 0