Comparative analysis of the features of the solution to the problem of choosing a hole corresponding to the size of the body in Tiliqua gigas skinks and rats Rattus norvegicus

593

Abstract

The article presents a comparative psychological analysis of the peculiarities of solving the problem of choosing a hole corresponding to the size of the body in blue-tongued skinks and gray rats. In the course of the study, in the framework of which the animals had to solve the problem of obtaining bait, through the holes corresponding to the size of the body. In the course of the experiment, the limits of the bodies of animals changed: natural or enlarged. It was found that both types of animals are able to solve the problem. During experimental series, the skinks learned to choose a large hole that is permeable to the enlarged limits of their bodies. Rats are able to learn the empirical regularity of the ratio of the limits of their own bodies and the limits of environmental objects, which allows them to flexibly modify their behavior in accordance with new situations, both in the case of changes in the characteristics of their bodies and in the changes in the characteristics of external objects. Based on these data, we conclude that the cognitive abilities of skinks and rats vary considerably: unlike skinks, rats are able to learn how to fit their body size and hole size, and then without additional training, use this skill flexibly in new situations.

General Information

Keywords: blue-tongued skink, skill transfer, extrapolation, gray rat, thinking, reptiles, thinking background, mammals

Journal rubric: Evolutionary and Comparative Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2018110402

Funding. The study was supported by Russian Scientific Foundation project #16-18-10030

For citation: Sokolov A.Y. Comparative analysis of the features of the solution to the problem of choosing a hole corresponding to the size of the body in Tiliqua gigas skinks and rats Rattus norvegicus. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2018. Vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 17–27. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2018110402. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Burghardt G.M. Learning processes in reptiles. Biology of the reptilia / Ed. by C. Gans, D.W. Tinkle. 1977. Academic Press. P. 555—681.
  2. Filippova G.G. Zoopsikhologiya I sravnitel’naya psikhologiya: ucheb. posobiye dlya studentov vuzov [Zoopsychology and comparative psychology: studies. manual for university students]. 6-ye izd., pererab. Moscow: Akademiya, 2012. (In Russ.).
  3. Firsov L.A. Po sledam Maugli. V kn.: Yazyk v okeane yazykov [In the footsteps of Mowgli. In the book: Language in the ocean of languages]. Novosibirsk: Sibirskiy khronograf, 1993. pp. 44—59. (In Russ.).
  4. Khvatov I.A., Sokolov A.Yu., Kharitonov A.N. Uchet granits sobstvennogo tela stsinkami Tiliquagigas [Modifying body schemata in skinks Tiliquagigas]. Eksperimental’naya psikhologiya. 2016b. Tom 9. № 3. pp. 54—71. doi:10.17759/exppsy.2016090305. (In Russ.).
  5. Khvatov I.A., Sokolov A.YU., Kharitonov A.N., Kulichenkova K.N. Skhema sobstvennogo tela u gryzunov (na primere krys Rattusnorvegicus) [Body scheme in rats Rattusnorvegicus]. Eksperimental’naya psikhologiya. 2016a. Tom 9. № 1. pp. 112—130. doi:10.17759/exppsy.2016090109, (In Russ.).
  6. Khvatov I.A., Kharitonov A.N. Problema evolyutsi ipsikhiki s pozitsii kontseptsii «voploshchennogopo znaniya» [The problem of the evolution of the psyche from the perspective of the concept of “embodied cognition”]. Evolyutsionnaya I sravnitel’naya psikhologiya v Rossii: Teoriya I praktika issledovaniy / Pod red. I.A. Khvatova, A.N. Kharitonova. Moscow: Kogito-Tsentr, 2017. (In Russ.).
  7. Leontiev A.N. Problemy razvitiya psikhiki [Problems of the development of the mind]. 3-ye izd. Moscow: Mosk. gos. universitet, 1972. (In Russ.).
  8. Matsubara S.D. Charles Deeming & Anna Wilkinson Cold-Blooded Cognition: New Directions in Reptile Cognition. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences. 2017. Vol. 16. P. 126—130.
  9. Murphy R.A., Mondragón E., Murphy V.A. Rule learning by rats. Science. 2008. Vol. 319(5871). P. 49— 51. doi: 10.1126/science.1151564
  10. Noble D.W.A., Byrne R.W., Whiting M.J. Age-dependent social learning in a lizard. Biology letters Published. 2014. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0430
  11. Vekker L.M. Psikhika I real’nost’ [Mind and reality]. Moscow: Smysl, 1998.
  12. Wilkinson A., Huber L. Cold-Blooded Cognition: Reptilian Cognitive Abilities. The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Evolutionary Psychology / Ed. By T.K. Shackelford, J. Vonk. Oxfgord, 2012. doi: 10.1093/ oxfordhb/9780199738182.013.0008
  13. Zorina Z.A., Poletayeva I.I. Zoopsikhologiya. Elementarnoye myshleniye zhivotnykh [Elementary thinking of animals]. Moscow: Aspekt Press, 2003. (In Russ.).

Information About the Authors

Alexey Y. Sokolov, PhD in Biology, Chief Research Scientist, Center for Science and Educational of Biopsychological Research, Moscow Institute of psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6927-6473, e-mail: apophis-king@mail.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 1635
Previous month: 3
Current month: 7

Downloads

Total: 593
Previous month: 2
Current month: 0