Emotion congruence in the perception of ambiguous facial expressions



Emotion congruence in emotion perception is manifested in increasing sensitivity to the emotions corresponding to the perceiver’s emotional state. In this study, an experimental procedure that robustly generates emotion congruence during the perception of ambiguous facial expressions has been developed. It was hypothesized that emotion congruence will be stronger in the early stages of perception. In two experiments, happiness and sadness were elicited in 69 (mean age 20.2, 57 females) and 58 (mean age 18.2, 50 females) participants. Then they determined what emotions were present in the ambiguous faces. The duration of stimulus presentation varied for the analysis of earlier and later stages of perception. The effect of emotion congruence was obtained in both experiments: happy participants perceived more happiness and less sadness in ambiguous facial expression compared to sad participants. Stimulus duration did not influence emotion congruence. Further studies should focus on the juxtaposition of the models connecting the emotion congruence mechanisms either with perception or with response generation.

General Information

Keywords: emotion perception, emotion congruence, emotion elicitation

Journal rubric: Psychology of States

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2019120103

Funding. The article was prepared within the framework of the Basic Research Program at the National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE) and with financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, grant 18-013-01221.

For citation: Lyusin D.V., Kozhukhova Y.A., Suchkova E.A. Emotion congruence in the perception of ambiguous facial expressions. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2019. Vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 27–39. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2019120103. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Dmitry V. Lyusin, PhD in Education, senior researcher, laboratory of psychology and psychophysiology of creativity, The Institute of Psychology, the Russian Academy of Science, associate Professor of the Institute of psychology. L. S. Vygotsky, Russian state University for Humanities; senior researcher, laboratory for cognitive research, national research University "Higher school of Economics», Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4429-8086, e-mail: ooch@mail.ru

Yulia A. Kozhukhova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Institute for Social Sciences, RANEPA, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: yuliyak@list.ru

Ekaterina A. Suchkova, Research Assistant, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8295-1111, e-mail: suchkova.e.a@yandex.ru



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