Longitudinal Study on the Development of Giftedness

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Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of giftedness as the ability to create. The relevance of the topic is determined by the state program for the identification and support of gifted children. A longitudinal study of children aged 8—12 years (n = 42) using the “Creative Field” method allows us to trace the formation and development of their giftedness. This method allows for a differentiated diagnosis of the ability to develop activities on their own initiative (heuristic level of activity) or its absence (stimulus-productive level of activity). Intelligence was assessed by J. Raven’s test and the indicators of learning ability of the “Creative Field” method. In connection with the widespread understanding of giftedness, which reduces it to a high level of intelligence, a hypothesis was put forward about the range of IQ indices, which may be wider in the stimulus-productive group than in the group of heurists, but its upper bounds for these groups should be close. High values of intelligence in both groups are the basis for the conclusion that it is impossible to reduce giftedness only to a high level of intelligence. Giftedness is manifested in the integration of intelligence, the lower limit of which is determined by the ability to master the proposed activity, with the dominant cognitive motivation in the personality structure.

General Information

Keywords: giftedness, creativity, intelligence, motive, development, longitudinal research, primary school age, adolescence, statistical analysis, R.

Journal rubric: Psychology of Intelligence

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2021140309

For citation: Bogoyavlenskaya D.B., Artemenkov S.L., Joukova E.S. Longitudinal Study on the Development of Giftedness. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2021. Vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 122–137. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2021140309. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Diana B. Bogoyavlenskaya, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Head of the Center for Interdisciplinary Studies of Creativity and Giftedness, Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, Professor, Department of Psychological Anthropology, Institute of Childhood, Moscow State Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6766-2047, e-mail: mpo-120@mail.ru

Sergei L. Artemenkov, PhD in Engineering, Professor, Head of the Department of Applied Informatics and Multimedia Technologies, Head of the Center of Information Technologies for Psychological Research of the Faculty of Information Technologies, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1619-2209, e-mail: slart@inbox.ru

Elena S. Joukova, PhD in Psychology, Federal Scientific Center for Psychological and Interdisciplinary Research, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7546-908X, e-mail: JoukovaEC@yandex.ru

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