A Model for Developing a Value Attitude Toward Motherhood among Students

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Abstract

The work is aimed at studying the psychological conditions of formation at the subjective level in adolescence of an emotionally positive accepting attitude toward the role of mother. The authors conducted a theoretical and empirical study aimed at exploring the relationship between the perceptions of the phenomenon of motherhood, adolescents’ relationships with their parents, and their attitudes toward their personality. Respondents aged 13-16 years of boarding school №1 “Cossack” of Armavir took part in the study. For the empirical study methods were used: “Perceptions of the ideal parent” (R.V. Ovcharova); PARI technique — “Parent-Child Relations” (E.S. Schaefer, R.K. Bell); Test-questionnaire of self-relation (V.V. Stolin, S.R. Panteleev). The results of the study allow us to state that there is a significant inverse relationship between the excessive emotional distance between parents and their child and the cognitive indicator of ideas about motherhood in boarding school students (-0.248). A similar relationship exists between parents’ excessive emotional distance from their child and their self-acceptance (-0.306), that is, the higher the distance, the lower the adolescent’s self-acceptance. It was proved that the child’s self-acceptance and his or her ideas about an ideal mother are interdependent factors (0, 281). Theoretical analysis of psychological research confirmed that the acceptance of motherhood as a special value is in close connection with the awareness of the meaning of one’s life and varies in its defined value depending on the internal position, experience of intrafamily relationships, internalized benchmarks and ideals. The results of the study formed the basis of the model of formation of the value attitude towards motherhood among students.

General Information

Keywords: motherhood, value, value attitudes, child-parent relationships, self-concept, self-acceptance, boarding school students, formation

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2021000006

Funding. The research was carried out with the financial support of the Kuban Science Foundation in the framework of the scientific project № FNI-GO -20.1/26.

Acknowledgements. The authors would like to thank E.N. Guseinova, deputy director of Armavir Secondary General School No. 1 “Kazachya”, for her help in collecting data for the study.

Received: 27.09.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Tkachenko I.V., Evdokimova E.V., Komarova K.Y., Lisitskaya L.G. A Model for Developing a Value Attitude Toward Motherhood among Students. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2021. Vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 43–57. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2021000006. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Irina V. Tkachenko, Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the Department of Social, Special Pedagogy and Psychology, Armavir State Pedagogical University, Armavir, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9343-3694, e-mail: tkachenkoiv@mail.ru

Elena V. Evdokimova, PhD in Psychology, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Social, Special Pedagogy and Psychology, Armavir State Pedagogical University, Armavir, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6784-588X, e-mail: eev15@list.ru

Ksenia Y. Komarova, PhD Student, Armavir State Pedagogical University, Armavir, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3770-8315, e-mail: ksukom2@list.ru

Larisa G. Lisitskaya, Doctor of Philology, Professor of the Department of Pedagogy and Technology Preschool and Primary Education, Armavir State Pedagogical University, Armavir, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1919-1583, e-mail: lislarisa14@mail.ru

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