Changes in EEG Rhythms and Heart Rate Variability in Response to Cold, Depending on the Parameters of Voluntary Attention in Young People

155

Abstract

The aim of the work was to determine the relationship of individual typological reactions of bioelectric activity of the brain, variability of the cardiac heart (HRV) when exposed to cold with the parameters of voluntary attention. EEG, HRV and body temperature were recorded in the heat, with short-term air cooling (-200C, 10 minutes) and after being in the cold. The evaluation of indicators of voluntary attention was performed using the Toulouse-Pieron test and included parameters such as speed, accuracy of the test and the number of errors. The results of the study revealed three variants of the formation of adaptive reactions in response to cold. The obtained results suggest that the best indicators of voluntary attention and the effectiveness of adaptive response to cold were observed with optimal interaction of the central and autonomic nervous systems. The correlation between the low speed of the test and the high accuracy and the tension of the regulatory systems of the body in response to cold with the predominance of the activity of the sympathetic nervous system and the high activity of the hypothalamic-diencephalic structures of the brain was found. The average speed of completing test tasks with a large number of errors reveals a relationship with insufficient resource mobilization in adapting to cold with a predominance of activity of the parasympathetic nervous system and an increase in the activity of subcortical structures of the brain. Thus, in the conditions of the North, individual variants of adaptive reactions in response to cold have been identified, associated with various neurophysiological mechanisms of mobilization of functional systems and indicators of the level of voluntary attention.

General Information

Keywords: electroencephalogram, heart rate variability, voluntary attention, cold

Journal rubric: Psychophysiology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2022150104

Funding. The reported study was funded by the FECIAR UrB RAS according to the research project No AAAA-A19-119120990083-9.

Acknowledgements. The authors are grateful to the head of the laboratory of Regulatory Mechanisms of Immunity, Candidate of Biological Sciences A.V. Samodova the opportunity to use the cold chamber in the study and for help in collecting material to the employee of the biorhythmology laboratory FECIAR UrB RAS, Doctor of Medical Sciences D.B. Demin.

Received: 14.01.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Krivonogova E.V., Krivonogova O.V., Poskotinova L.V. Changes in EEG Rhythms and Heart Rate Variability in Response to Cold, Depending on the Parameters of Voluntary Attention in Young People. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2022. Vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 56–71. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2022150104. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Ivannikov V.A., Shlyapnikov V.N. Osobennosti volevoi regulyatsii u predstavitelei raznykh etnokul’turnykh grupp [Ivannikov V.A., Shlyapnikov V.N. Features of volitional regulation among representatives of different ethnocultural groups]. Eksperimental’naya psikhologiya=Experimental Psychology, 2019. Vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 70—84. DOI:10.17759/exppsy.2019120106 (In Russ.).
  2. Krivonogova E.V. Kognitivnyi vyzvannyi potentsial r300 u shkol’nikov 16—17 let, prozhivayushchikh v regionakh arkticheskoi zony RF [Krivonogova E.V. Event-Related Potential P300 in 16—17-Year-Old Schoolchildren Living in the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation]. Zhurnal mediko-biologicheskikh issledovanii = Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 2020, Vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 360—367. DOI: 10.37482/2687-1491-Z028 (In Russ.).
  3. Maksimov A.L., Aver’yanova I.V. Osobennosti gemodinamiki i variabel’nosti serdechnogo ritma u yunoshei-evropeoidov pri provedenii aktivnoi ortostaticheskoi proby [Loskutova A.N., Maximov A.L. Heart rate variability demonstrated by adolescents with different levels of vegetative nervous system activity at the orthostatic test]. Ekologiya cheloveka=Human ecology, 2021, no. 1, pp. 22—31 (In Russ.).
  4. Markov A.L., Solonin Yu.G., Boiko E.R. Vliyanie meteorologicheskikh parametrov na vegetativnuyu regulyatsiyu ritma serdtsa u zhitelei evropeiskogo severa: individual’nyi kontrol’ [Markov A.L., Solonin Iu.G., Boiko E.R. Influence of meteorological parameters on vegetative regulation of cardiac rhythm in residents of european north: individual control]. Vestnik Tverskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Biologiya i ekologiya = Bulletin of Tver State University. Series: Biology and Ecology, 2018, no. 1, pp. 21—29. (In Russ.).
  5. Medvedev V.I. Vzaimodeistvie fiziologicheskikh i psikhicheskikh mekhanizmov v protsesse adaptatsii [Medvedev V.I. The interaction of physiological and mental mechanisms in the process of adaptation]. Fiziologiya cheloveka = Human Physiology, 1998. Vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 7—13. (In Russ.).
  6. Solonin Yu.G. Issledovaniya po shirotnoi fiziologii (obzor) [Solonin Yu.G. Studies on latitude physiology (review)]. Zhurnal mediko-biologicheskikh issledovanii = Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 2019. Vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 228—239. DOI: 10.17238/issn2542-1298.2019.7.2.228 (In Russ.).
  7. Soroko S.I., Andreeva S.S., Bekshaev S.S. Perestroiki parametrov elektroentsefalogrammy u detei — zhitelei o. Novaya Zemlya [Soroko S.I., Andreeva S.S., Bekshaev S.S. The EEG parameters changes in children on Novaya Zemlya Island] Vestnik Severo-Vostochnogo nauchnogo tsentra DVO RAN = The bulletin of the north-east scientific center, 2009, no. 2, pp. 49—59 (In Russ.).
  8. Shlyk N.I., Zufarova E.I. Normativy pokazatelei variabel’nosti serdechnogo ritma u issleduemykh 16— 21 goda s raznymi preobladayushchimi tipami vegetativnoi regulyatsii [Shlyk N.I., Zufarova E.I. Qualifying standards of heart rate variability for 16—21 years old testees with different prevalent types of autonomic regulation of heart]. Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Seriya Biologiya. Nauki o Zemle = Bulletin of Udmurt University. Series Biology. Earth Sciences, 2013, no. 4, pp. 96—105 (In Russ.).
  9. Yasyukova L.A. Optimizatsiya obucheniya i razvitiya detei s MMD. Diagnostika i kompensatsiya minimal’nykh mozgovykh disfunktsii: Metodicheskoe rukovodstvo [Optimization of education and development of children with minimal cerebral dysfunction. Diagnosis and compensation of minimal cerebral dysfunctions. Methodical guide]. Saint-Petersburg: GP “IMATON”, 1997. 80 p. (In Russ.).
  10. Alba G., Vila J., Rey B., Montoya P., Muñoz M.Á. The relationship between heart rate variability and electroencephalography functional connectivity variability is associated with cognitive flexibility. Front. Hum. Neurosci, 2019, Vol. 13, p. 64. DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2019.00064
  11. Critchley H., Eccles J., Garfinkel S. Interaction between cognition, emotion, and the autonomic nervous system. Handbook of clinical neurology, 2013, Vol. 117, pp. 59—77. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-444-53491- 0.00006-7
  12. Duschek S., Muckenthaler M., Werner N., Reyes del Paso G.A. Relationships between features of autonomic cardiovascular control and cognitive performance. Biol. Psychol., 2009, Vol. 81, pp. 110—117. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2009.03.003
  13. Fechir M., Klega A., Buchholz H.G., Pfeifer N., Balon S., Schlereth T., Geber C., Breimhorst M., Maihofner C., Birklein F., Schreckenberger M. Cortical control of thermoregulatory sympathetic activation. Eur J. Neurosci., 2010, Vol. 31, pp. 2101—2111. DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2010.07243.x
  14. Guo C.C., Sturm V.E., Zhou J., Gennatas E.D., Trujillo A.J., Hua A.Y., Crawford R., Stables L., Kramer J.H., Rankin K., Levenson R.W., Rosen H.J., Miller B.L., Seeley W.W. Dominant hemisphere lateralization of cortical parasympathetic control as revealed by frontotemporal dementia. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci USA, 2016, Vol. 113, no. 17:E2430—9. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1509184113
  15. Hansen A.L., Johnsen B.H., Thayer J.F. Relationship between heart rate variability and cognitive function during threat of shock. Anxiety Stress Coping, 2009, Vol. 22, pp. 77—89. DOI: 10.1080/10615800802272251
  16. Mäkinen T.M., Palinkas L.A., Reeves D.L., Pääkkönen T., Rintamäki H., Leppäluoto J., Hassi J. Effect of repeated exposures to cold on cognitive performance in humans. Physiol. Behav., 2006, Vol. 87, pp. 166—176. DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2005.09.015
  17. Mäkinen T.M., Mäntysaari M., Pääkkönen T., Jokelainen J., Palinkas L.A., Hassi J., Leppäluoto J., Tahvanainen K., Rintamäki H. Autonomic nervous function during whole-body cold exposure before and after cold acclimation. Aviat. Space Environ Med., 2008, Vol.7 9, no. 9, pp. 875—882. DOI: 10.3357/ asem.2235.2008
  18. Nutritional needs in cold and in high-altitude environments: applications for military personnel in field operations. Marriott B.M., Carlson S.J. editors. Washington (DC): National academies press (US), 1996. PMID: 25121290
  19. Posner M., Rothbart M., Ghassemzadeh H. Developing attention in typical children related to disabilities. Handbook of clinical neurology, 2020, Vol. 173, pp. 215—223. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-444-64150-2.00019-8
  20. Smith R., Thayer J.F., Khalsa S.S., Lane R.D. The hierarchical basis of neurovisceral integration. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev., 2017, Vol. 75, pp. 274—296. DOI: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2017.02.003
  21. Spangler D.P., Cox K.R., Thayer J.F., Brooks J.R., Friedman B.H. Interplay between state anxiety, heart rate variability, and cognition: An ex-Gaussian analysis of response times. Int J Psychophysiol., 2021, Vol.159, pp. 60—70. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2020.08.018
  22. Thayer J.F., Brosschot J.F. Psychosomatics and psychopathology: looking up and down from the brain. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 2005, Vol. 30, no. 10, pp. 1050—1058. DOI: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2005.04.014
  23. Thayer J.F., Lane R.D. Claude Bernard and the heart—brain connection: further elaboration of a model of neurovisceral integration. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev., 2009, Vol. 33, pp. 81—88. DOI: 10.1016/j. neubiorev.2008.08.004

Information About the Authors

Elena V. Krivonogova, PhD in Biology, Senior Researcher, Laboratory of Biorhythmology, N. Laverov Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Research of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Arkhangelsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4225-5872, e-mail: elena200280@mail.ru

Olga V. Krivonogova, PhD in Biology, Researcher, Laboratory of Biorhythmology, N. Laverov Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Research of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Arkhangelsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7267-8836, e-mail: ja.olga1@gmail.com

Lilia V. Poskotinova, Doctor of Biology, Chief Researcher, Head of the Laboratory of Biorhythmology, N. Laverov Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Research of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Arkhangelsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7537-0837, e-mail: liliya200572@mail.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 570
Previous month: 30
Current month: 11

Downloads

Total: 155
Previous month: 3
Current month: 3