Students’ Dynamics of Heart Rate Variability during Virtual Reality Class



The article presents the results of a study of the dynamics of the characteristics of heart rate variability in the learning process in high-level virtual reality and behind a computer monitor. The continuous dynamics of the heart rate of senior and junior students (N=16, 8 — female, 8 — male, age from 18 to 22) was recorded at rest (sitting, in silence, with eyes closed) and during two short lessons in biology and mathematics in different conditions. After the training programs (classes), students were offered test questions on the materials they had listened to and a questionnaire for the subjective assessment of the lesson information in terms of the degree of novelty, complexity, clarity of the material, etc. It was shown that the dynamics of the functional state does not differ between lessons, the degree of activation and tension in terms of HRV increased equally when practicing in virtual reality and behind a computer monitor compared to the background. At the same time, after working in training programs in virtual reality, the students demonstrated a greater number of correct answers to test questions and evaluated the information in them as newer and more complex, compared to the lessons at the computer monitor. The conclusion is made about the effectiveness of the use of virtual reality technologies in education, as students demonstrate higher results with the same level of tension and activity.

General Information

Keywords: virtual reality, training, heart rate variability

Journal rubric: Psychology of Virtual Reality

Article type: scientific article


Funding. The study was carried out within the framework of the state task of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation No. 073-00110-22-02 dated 04/08/2022 "The impact of high-level virtual reality technologies on mental development in adolescence".

Acknowledgements. The authors are grateful for assistance in data collection S. Pavlova.

Received: 11.02.2022


For citation: Bakhchina A.V., Strizhova I.V. Students’ Dynamics of Heart Rate Variability during Virtual Reality Class. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2022. Vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 59–69. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2022150205. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Anastasya V. Bakhchina, PhD in Psychology, Researcher, Institute of Psychology, RAS, scientific researcher, Department of psychophysiology, Nizhny Novgorod State University named N.I. Lobachevsky, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Irina V. Strizhova, PhD in Education, Associate Professor Chair of General Psychology, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:


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