Primary Adaptation and Validation of The Schwarzer’s Scale “Proactive Attitudes” in a Non-Clinical Sample: Сhecking Internal Consistency and Test-Reliability

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Abstract

The article presents the results of translation, verification of internal consistency, standardization, validation, and test-retest reliability of the R. Schwarzer scale, called «Proactive Attitudes». This scale consists of 8 questions, designed to assess the level of proactive attitudes as a proactive attitude towards future events. The total sample of the study consisted of 385 people (245 women and 140 men) aged 16—55 years. The Russian-language version of the scale showed acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha coefficient — α = 0.768) between the ages of 16 and 55. Factor analysis revealed a one-factor structure of the scale (factor «Possibility of self-choice»). Spearman test-retest reliability indicators turned out to be significant (the first measurement — r = 0.68 at p≤0.01; the second measurement after 3 weeks — r = 0.78 at p≤0.01). The scale also revealed convergent validity and discrimination (according to Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient, it ranged from 0.547 to 0.800 at p≤0.01; Pearson’s item-total correlation ranged from 0.351 to 0.635 at p≤0.01). The mean values on the scale are highlighted, gender differences are presented. The scale «Proactive attitudes» is an express method in assessing the proactive orientation of a person, has the necessary psychometric characteristics. The prospect of the work consists in further standardization in other age groups, clarification of the data of construct and external validity.

General Information

Keywords: proactive attitude, proactive coping behavior, internal consistency, exploratory factor analysis, convergent validity, test-retest reliability

Journal rubric: Psychodiagnostics

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2022150215

Received: 04.11.2020

Accepted:

For citation: Bekhter A.A. Primary Adaptation and Validation of The Schwarzer’s Scale “Proactive Attitudes” in a Non-Clinical Sample: Сhecking Internal Consistency and Test-Reliability. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2022. Vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 213–226. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2022150215. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Anna A. Bekhter, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Pacific National University, Khabarovsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1017-558X, e-mail: behter2004@mail.ru

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