Proactive Orientation of Students' Personality: Psychometric Characteristics and Comparative Analysis

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Abstract

The article examines the relationship between the proactive attitude of first- and fourth-year students from a normal sample population (A<1; E<1) with personal resources. The materials of the empirical study were obtained in 2022 on a total sample of respondents (N=128) aged 17 to 23 years (M=19.01; SD=1.62), of which 93.8% (120 people) are female. The online survey was conducted on the basis of the methods “Academic Motivation Scale”, “Proactive attitudes”, short scales “Life Satisfaction Scale” and “Subjective Happiness Scale”. The results demonstrate a moderately positive relationship between the indicator of proactive attitudes and indicators of subjective well-being, academic intrinsic motivation. The greatest contribution to proactive attitudes is made by internal motivation (motivation for achievement and self-development), subjective well-being. Intergroup comparisons did not reveal significant statistical differences in indicators of proactive attitudes, subjective well-being, however, they were established by the indicator of internal motivation of self-development (p=0.001) in first-year students. Internal motives, subjective well-being explain a proactive attitude to the future.

General Information

Keywords: proactive attitude, proactive attitude towards the future, internal motivation, external motivation, subjective well-being, life satisfaction

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2024130103

Received: 26.10.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Sunko T.Y., Grishel P.V., Lykova N.S. Proactive Orientation of Students' Personality: Psychometric Characteristics and Comparative Analysis [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2024. Vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 46–57. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2024130103. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Tatyana Y. Sunko, PhD in Education, Associate Professor of the Chair of Special (Defectological) Education of the Faculty of Clinical and Special Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9848-7977, e-mail: tasunko@yandex.ru

Pavel V. Grishel, Moscow State Psychological and Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9671-4635, e-mail: grishelpv@mgppu.ru

Natalia S. Lykova, Senior Lecturer, Chair of Special Psychology & Rehabilitation, Faculty of Clinical & Special Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4159-5560, e-mail: likovans@gmail.com

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