Predictors of Proactive Coping in Early Adulthood: A Cross-Cultural Study

136

Abstract

This work is aimed at identifying predictors of proactive coping as well as direct and indirect effects of reactive coping strategies and dispositional optimism on proactive coping. The data of empirical research of two samples, Russian and South Ossetian, is presented. The sample from Russia consisted of 97 students (75 women and 22 men) between the ages of 19 and 25 (Mage=20.31 years, SDage=1.80 years), and the sample from South Ossetia consisted of 103 students from Ossetia (57 women and 46 men) between the ages of 19 and 25 (Mage=21.60 years, SDage=1.81 years). Among the Russian respondents 97% identified themselves as Russians, among the Ossetian respondents 100% identified themselves as Ossetians. The study was conducted using the Life Orientation Test, the Coping Ways Questionnaire and the Proactive Coping Questionnaire. Analysis of the results suggests that fantasizing and relying on outside forces contribute negatively to Russian youth's proactive coping, while both seeking help from their social environment and confrontation contribute positively. Mediation analysis showed that confrontation weakens the relationship between fantasizing and proactive coping. For South Ossetian youth, gender and confrontation were significant predictors of proactive coping; in mediation analysis, confrontation suppressed self-blaming but increases the appeal for help to the social environment in the implementation of proactive coping. Ossetian young women, compared to Ossetian men, are less prone to confrontation and, consequently, do not build proactive coping around it. Thus, in terms of proactive overcoming, confrontation weakens the effect of fantasy and hopes for external forces among Russian youth, and self-blame among Ossetia youth.

General Information

Keywords: reactive-proactive coping behavior, youth, proactive coping, dispositional optimism, confrontation, self-blame, early adulthood, cross-cultural differences

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2023120208

Funding. The study is supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) and Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of South Ossetia, project no. 21-513-07004 “Coping with the challenges of the complexity of a changing world in early adulthood (youth)”.

Received: 21.05.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Kuftyak E.V., Bekhter A.A., Philatova O.A., Gazzaeva N.M., Siukaeva E.G. Predictors of Proactive Coping in Early Adulthood: A Cross-Cultural Study [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2023. Vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 164–191. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2023120208. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Elena V. Kuftyak, Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the General Psychology Department, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Нead of the Department of Age and Family Counseling, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3723-0507, e-mail: elena.kuftyak@inbox.ru

Anna A. Bekhter, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Pacific National University, Khabarovsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1017-558X, e-mail: behter2004@mail.ru

Olesja A. Philatova, Senior Lecturer, Department of Psychology, Pacific National University, Khabarovsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4948-3678, e-mail: 0409800911@mail.ru

Natalya M. Gazzaeva, Senior Lecturer, Department of Pedagogy and Psychology, South Ossetion State University named after A.A. Tibilov, Tskhinval, South Ossetia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0009-0002-3406-9842, e-mail: qazzaeva70@yandex.ru

Elena G. Siukaeva, PhD in Education, Head of the Department of Pedagogy and Psychology, South Ossetion State University named after A.A. Tibilov, Tskhinval, South Ossetia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2427-8309, e-mail: alex-alan@yandex.ru

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