The Observer’s Individual Psychological Characteristics in Connection with Evaluation of Trust/Distrust of a Stranger from Video

67

Abstract

This article investigates the individual psychological characteristics of an observer evaluating a stranger for trust/distrust in him from video clips. The perceived person participates in various communicative situations: 1) passing; 2) exam; 3) psychological counselling. 128 people took part in the study, students of MIP and GAUGN, 8 people acted as models. The subjects were consistently shown all three communicative situations. The overall evaluation of trust/distrust in them was measured. As a result of the study, it was shown that a third of the psychological characteristics of the observer, measured by the “personal differential” method, affect the parameter of trust/distrust in a stranger. Those who evaluate themselves more conscientiously, more fairly, friendlier, stronger, more determined, more confident, more sociable, more open, active, calm, relaxed and independent, trust more.

General Information

Keywords: individual psychological characteristics, the trust/distrust scale, the paradigm of “thin slices” of behavior, video clips of communicative situations

Journal rubric: Face Science

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2022150305

Funding. The reported study was funded by RSF, project number 20-18-00516 “Ontological foundations of interpersonal perception”.

Received: 11.11.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Diveev D.A. The Observer’s Individual Psychological Characteristics in Connection with Evaluation of Trust/Distrust of a Stranger from Video. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2022. Vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 70–78. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2022150305. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Albright L., Kenny D.A., Malloy T.E. Consensus in personality judgments at zero acquaintance // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1988. V. 55. P. 387—395.
  2. Ambady N., Rosenthal R. Thin slices of behavior as predictors of interpersonal consequences: A meta-analysis // Psychological Bulletin. 1992. V. 2. P. 256—274.
  3. Ambady N., Rosenthal R. Half a minute: Predicting teacher evaluations from thin slices of behavior and physical attractiveness // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1993. V. 64. P. 431—441.
  4. Borkenau P., Liebler A. Trait inferences: Sources of validity at zero acquaintance // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1992. V. 62. P. 645—657.
  5. Buck R.W., Savin V.J., Miller R.E., Caul W.F. Communication of affect through facial expression in humans // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1972. V. 23. P. 362—371.
  6. De Paulo B.M. Nonverbal behavior and self-presentation // Psychological Bulletin. 1992. V. 111. P. 203—243.
  7. Funder D.C., Colvin C.R. Friends and strangers: Acquaintanceship, agreement, and the accuracy of personality judgment // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1988. V. 55. P. 149—158.
  8. Funder D.C., Harris M.J. On the several facets of personality assessment: The case of social acuity // Journal of Personality. 1986. V. 54. P. 528—550.
  9. Kenny D.A., Horner C., Kashy D.A., Chu L. Consensus at zero acquaintance: Replication, behavioral cues, and stability // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1992. V. 62. P. 88—97.
  10. Paunonen S.V. Consensus in personality judgments: Moderating effects of target-rater acquaintanceship and behavior observability // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1989. V. 56. P. 823—833.
  11. Riggio R.E., Friedman H.S. The interrelationship of self-monitoring factors, personality traits, and nonverbal social skills // Journal of Nonverbal Behavior. 1982. V. 7. P. 33—45.
  12. Rosenthal, R. Judgment studies. New York: Cambridge University Press. 1987.
  13. Snyder M. Self-monitoring of expressive behavior // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1974. V. 30. P. 526—537.

Information About the Authors

Dmitry A. Diveev, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of General Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2826-4185, e-mail: diveev2@gmail.com

Metrics

Views

Total: 211
Previous month: 7
Current month: 22

Downloads

Total: 67
Previous month: 1
Current month: 0