Measuring the Duration of the Phase of the Formation of a Physiological Phenomenon as a Predictor of Conscious Sensation at the Visual-Motor Reaction "Go / No-Go" – Type in the Paradigm of Backward Masking

66

Abstract

In a psychophysiological experiment, the effect of inhibition of the “Go/No-go” – type differential visual-motor reaction (DVMR) under the influence of a masker stimulus presented at different periods of its implementation was revealed; this effect is manifested in the range of stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) from 40 to 100 ms. There is a relationship between the latent period of DVMR and the value of the SOA interval, described in a logarithmic scale by the equation of a straight line: the latency of the sensorimotor response is inversely proportional to the logarithm of SOA. The psychophysiological method based on measuring the degree of inhibition of the “Go/No-go” – type DVMR speed in the backward masking paradigm can be used to measure the duration of the formation of a physiological phenomenon as a predictor of conscious sensation. A possible mechanism of inhibition of the rate of realization of the “Go/No-go” – type "reaction during backward masking consists in a decrease in the intensity of the physiological phenomenon under the influence of the masker, which lengthens the latent period of the sensorimotor reaction.

General Information

Keywords: sensation, time of formation of a physiological phenomenon, backward masking, visual-motor reaction “Go/No-go” – type

Journal rubric: Tools

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2022150415

Received: 09.09.2020

Accepted:

For citation: Sobolev V.I., Popov M.N. Measuring the Duration of the Phase of the Formation of a Physiological Phenomenon as a Predictor of Conscious Sensation at the Visual-Motor Reaction "Go / No-Go" – Type in the Paradigm of Backward Masking. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2022. Vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 231–245. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2022150415. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Anohin P.K. Filosofskie aspekty teorii funkcional'noj sistemy. Moscow: Nauka, 1978, 399 p. (In Russ.).
  2. Barabanshhikov V.A. Obshhaya psixologiya: psixologiya vospriyatiya. 2-eizd. M.: Izdatel`stvo Yurajt, 2019, 184 p. (In Russ.).
  3. Bachmann T. Psychophysiology of visual masking. Tartu, 1989. 400 p. (In Russ.).
  4. Ivanickij A.M. Mozgovaya osnova sub"ektivnyh perezhivanij: gipoteza informacionnogo sinteza [Brain basis of subjective experience: information synthesis hypothesis] Zhurnal vysshej nervnoj deyatel'nosti [P. Pavlov Journal of Higher Nervous Activity], 1996. No. 2, pp. 241—252. URL:http://aha.ru/~geivanit/SUBJ.html (Accessed 01.05.2018). (In Russ.; abstr. in Engl.).
  5. Ivanitskij А.M. Nauka o mozgenaputi k resheniyu problem soznaniya. Vestnik RАN, 2010. Vol. 80, no. 5-6, pp. 447—455. (In Russ.).
  6. Ivanitskii A.M., Il’yuchenok I.R. Mapping of brain biopotentials in solving a verbal problem. Vyssh. Nervn. Deyat. im. I.P. Pavlova, 1992. Vol. 42, no. 4, p. 627—635. (In Russ.).
  7. A., Sokolov E.N., Chernorizov A.M. Psixofiziologiya svetovogo zreniya. M.: Izd-vo MGU, 1989. 206 p. (In Russ.).
  8. Kostandov E.А. Psikhofiziologiya soznaniya I bessoznatel'nogo. SPb.: Piter, 2014. 167 p. (In Russ.).
  9. Maslennikova A.V., Portnova G.V., Nagibina N.L. «Tactile Pictogram» Method: Differences in Tactile Perception Strategies in Schizophrenia and Healthy Contro. Experimental Psychology (Russia), Vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 17—27. DOI:10.17759/exppsy.2020130202 (In Russ.).
  10. Nekhoroshkova A.N., Gribanov A.V., Deputat I.S. Sensomotornye reakcii v psihofiziologicheskih issledovaniyah (Obzor). Vestnik Severnogo (Arkticheskogo) federal'nogo universiteta. Seriya: Mediko-biologicheskie nauki, 2015. No. 1, pp. 38—48. (In Russ.).
  11. Sergin V.Ya. Avto-otozhdestvlenie patternov nejronnoj aktivnosti kak fiziologicheskij mekhanizm osoznaniya [Auto-Identification of Neuronal Activity Patterns as a Physiological Mechanism of Awareness]. Zhurnal vysshej nervnoj deyatel'nosti [P. Pavlov Journal of Higher Nervous Activity], 2016. No. 3, pp. 259—278. DOI:10.7868/S0044467716020076 (In Russ.; abstr. in Engl.).
  12. Sobolev V.I. The Independence of a Simple Visual-Motor Reaction from the Preconscious Component of Sensation during Backward Masking by Two-Color Stimuli. Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2020. Vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 4—16. DOI:17759/exppsy.2020130201 (In Russ.).
  13. Sobolev V.I. Characteristics of Latent Periods and Variability Parameters of Elements of a Simple Visuomotor Reaction: an Electromyographic Study. Human Physiology, 2020. 46, no. 4, pp. 30—43. DOI:10.31857/S0131164620020174 (In Russ.).
  14. Schiffman H.R. Sensation and Perception an Integrated Approach. SPb.: Piter, 2003. 928 p.(In Russ.).
  15. Baars B. Cognitive theory of consciousness. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. 424 p.
  16. Beckers G., Homberg V. Impairment of visual perception and visual short term memory scanning by transcranial magnetic stimulation. Brain Research, 1991. Vol. 87, pp. 421—432. DOI:10.1007/BF00231859
  17. Edelman G.M., Tononi G.A. Universe of Consciousness. N.Y.: Basic Books, 2000. 274 p. DOI:1023/A:1024146021837
  18. Fahrenfort J.J., Scholfe H.S., Lamme V.A.F. The spatiotemporal profile of cortical processing leading up to visual perception. оf Vision, 2008. Vol. 8, pp. 1—12.
  19. Koivisto M., Railo H., Salminen-Vaparanta N. Transcranial magnetic stimulation of early visual cortex interferes with subjective visual awareness and objective forced-choice performance. Consciousness and Cognition, 2011. Vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 288—298.
  20. Miller O.F., Low K. Motor processes in simple, Go/No-Go, and choice reaction time tasks: A psychophysiological analysis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2001. Vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 266—289.
  21. Railo, Koivisto M., Revonsuo A. Tracking the processes behind conscious perception: A review of event-related potential correlates of visual consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition, 2011. Vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 972—983. DOI:10.1016/j.concog.2011.03.019.
  22. Railo H., Koivisto M. The electrophysiological correlates of stimulus visibility and metacontrast masking. Consciousness and Cognition, 2009. 18, no. 3, pp. 794—803. DOI:10.1016/j.concog.2009.01.006
  23. Rutikua R., Arub J., Tallinn A., Bachmann T. General markers of conscious visual perception and their timing // Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2016. 10. Article 23. P. 1—15. DOI:10.3389/fnhum.2016.00023
  24. Sysoeva O.V., Ilyutchenok I.R., Ivanitsky A.M. Rapid and slow brain systems and of abstract and concrete words differentiation. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 2007. 65(3), pp. 272—283.

Information About the Authors

Valeryi I. Sobolev, Doctor of Biology, Professor, Academy of the Humanities and Pedagogics (branch), V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University in Yalta, Yalta, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9318-5224, e-mail: v.sobolev@mail.ru

Maxim N. Popov, PhD in Education, Deputy Director, Academy of the Humanities and Pedagogics (branch) of V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University in Yalta, Yalta, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7387-521X, e-mail: maks.popov@mail.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 317
Previous month: 23
Current month: 4

Downloads

Total: 66
Previous month: 3
Current month: 0