Features of the Emotional State of Doctors Working and Not Working with Patients with Covid-19 in the Context of Their Individual Psychological Differences

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Abstract

Since 2019, the world has faced the COVID-19 pandemic, which has affected the lives of almost everyone. But the greatest burden of responsibility fell on the shoulders of medical workers who have been fighting for the lives of patients in the "red zones" all this time, experiencing enormous overload and stress, and after all, everyone has limited resources to overcome difficult life situations and reacts to them in their own way. In this regard, the purpose of our work was to study the emotional state of doctors working and not working with patients with COVID-19 in the context of their individual psychological differences, such as personal anxiety, features of aggressive behavior and the presence of certain socio-psychological attitudes. The total number of study participants was 81 people aged 27 to 63 years (M=43.6; SD=8.7). As a result of the study, significant differences were revealed in the severity of situational anxiety, overstrain and counteraction to stress in groups with moderate and high levels of personal anxiety among doctors working in "red" zones. For doctors working in "clean" zones, significant differences between situational anxiety and overexertion were revealed for this parameter. The presence of significant connections of such features of aggressive behavior as aggressiveness and hostility with the severity of stress, overexertion and resistance to stress was found. Significant connections between the levels of situational anxiety, overexertion and resistance to stress and different styles of behavior in conflict situations were also revealed. In addition, the links between situational anxiety, overstrain and resistance to stress and various styles of socio-psychological attitudes were revealed.

General Information

Keywords: psychological characteristics of doctors, COVID-19 pandemic, stress level, personal anxiety, features of aggression, behavior in conflict situations, socio-psychological attitudes

Journal rubric: Psychology of States

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2023160310

Received: 03.02.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Doronina T.V., Okulova A.E., Maksudova E.A., Penkina M.Y. Features of the Emotional State of Doctors Working and Not Working with Patients with Covid-19 in the Context of Their Individual Psychological Differences. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2023. Vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 151–169. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2023160310. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Tatyana V. Doronina, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of General Psychology, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4680-4461, e-mail: doroninatv@mgppu.ru

Anastasiya E. Okulova, student, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2178-1403, e-mail: okulova.anastasiy@yandex.ru

Elena A. Maksudova, Senior Lecturer, Department of General Psychology, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7385-9735, e-mail: maksudovaea@mgppu.ru

Marina Y. Penkina, Senior Lecturer of the Department of General Psychology of the Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7046-6963, e-mail: penkinamju@mgppu.ru

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