Predictors of Nonverbal Recognition of Emotional Facial Expressions

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Abstract

The work was carried out in the paradigm of analyzing the structure of erroneous responses when performing the identification of emotional facial expressions. The subjects performed the task of non-verbal recognition of facial expressions at tachistoscopic exposure time (16 ms, 8 ms, 4 ms). The search for predictors that determine the partial proportions of responses for different combinations (response, expression shown) was performed among the subscales of the Boyko empathy questionnaire, the EmIn questionnaire, the analytical-holistic scale, and the Alekseev thinking styles questionnaire. The study involved students from Moscow universities. Sample size: 49 people, 9 men, 40 women, average age m=22.2 years, sd=4.45.The identified predictors are specific (not universal) in nature, different for different combinations of the presented image and the assessment performed. We believe that this result should be interpreted as indicating the presence of competing parallel processes associated with testing for the presence of different emotional expressions. The selected system of predictors is not complete. A promising direction for further research is expanding the scope of the search for predictors through methods that measure individual personality characteristics and the level of anxiety.

General Information

Keywords: emotional expressions, empathy, emotional intelligence, categorical field of expression, nonverbal identification, tachistoscopy

Journal rubric: Face Science

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2023160304

Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Science Foundation (RSCF), project number 20-68-47048.

Received: 09.12.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Zhegallo A.V., Basiul I.A. Predictors of Nonverbal Recognition of Emotional Facial Expressions. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2023. Vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 53–68. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2023160304. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Alexander V. Zhegallo, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher at the Laboratory of Systems Research of the Psyche, Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Researcher at the Center for Experimental Psychology of MSUPE, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5307-0083, e-mail: zhegalloav@ipran.ru

Ivan A. Basiul, Junior Researcher. Laboratory of Cognitive Processes and Mathematical Psychology, Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Lecturer of the Department of General Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Research laboratory assistant, Institute of Experimental Psychology of MSPPU, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3153-2096, e-mail: basul@inbox.ru

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