Types of Ecological Consciousness in Russian Fairy Tales

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Abstract

The purpose of the study was to identify what types of ecological consciousness are reflected in Russian fairy tales. A diagnostic toolkit based on a two-dimensional model of human—nature interactions has been developed. The method of qualitative expert analysis of specially selected passages from fairy tales was used, where man and nature act as heroes and it is possible to evaluate the valence of their impact on each other (from completely negative to completely positive). The study involved a purposive sample of 37 experts — representatives of socionomic professions. Contrary to the initial assumption, the predominance of the archaic type of eco-consciousness, manifested in feeling of dependence on nature and fear of it, was not revealed. According to experts, in these passages, nature affects humans mostly more positively than humans affect nature, that is, the eco-centric type of eco-consciousness dominates. The anthropocentric ("struggle with nature") and nature-centric ("harmony with nature") types are presented to a lesser extent. The pilot study was carried out on a limited number of fairy tale passages, but it helps to understand what ecological ideas are reflected in traditional folk art.

General Information

Keywords: ecopsychological approach, types of ecological consciousness, Russian fairy tales, human—nature interactions, expert assessment

Journal rubric: Ecological Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2023160408

Funding. The study was carried out as part of the state assignment № 075-00-646-21-00 of the Federal Scientific Center of Psychological and Multidisciplinary Research.

Received: 03.05.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Mdivani M.O., Mironova K.V. Types of Ecological Consciousness in Russian Fairy Tales. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2023. Vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 116–128. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2023160408. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Marina O. Mdivani, PhD in Psychology, Leading Research Associate, Laboratory of developmental ecopsychology and psychodydactics, Federal Scientific Center of Psychological and Multidisciplinary Research, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1573-0359, e-mail: mdivanim@gmail.com

Ksenia V. Mironova, PhD in Psychology, Leading Researcher, Laboratory of Ecopsychology of Development and Psychodidactics, , Federal Scientific Center of Psychological and Multidisciplinary Research, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7494-5822, e-mail: mmdivani@me.com

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