Problems of social and communicative competence in preschoolers and junior schoolchildren with difficulties in social interaction



The article presents the review of foreign and national investigations concerning genesis and specificity of interactions in children with difficulties in social contacts at early stages of ontogenesis. The following aspects of the problem were regarded: specificity of social interaction in children with autism spectrum disorder and mental retardation; peculiarities of child social interaction as depending on ethnic and gender attributes; factors determining the quality of interaction and social interaction in various age groups; the role of early support in normalizing the further child development; positive dynamics of interaction in conditions of inclusive education and so on. The reviewed studies stress the most significant reasons for low level of social interaction: decrease in need for social interaction, isolation (deprivation), lack of socio-communicative skills, difficulties in utilizing symbolic means, unfavorable situation of development, etc. It is shown that in case of specially structured educational environment it is possible to achieve positive dynamics in development of social and communicative competences in children with difficulties in social interaction.

General Information

Keywords: children of early, preschool and junior school age; interaction; autism spectrum disorder; mental retardation; service of early support; inclusion; interethnic communication

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: review article

For citation: Gavrilushkina O.P., Malova A.A., Pankratova M.V. Problems of social and communicative competence in preschoolers and junior schoolchildren with difficulties in social interaction [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2012. Vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 5–16. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Olga P. Gavrilushkina, PhD in Education, Senior Researcher, Head of the Psychology of Abnormal Development Laboratory, Professor of the Preschool Psychology and Pedagogics department, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education (MSUPE), Member of the editorial board of the journal "Psychological Science and Education", Moscow, Russia, e-mail:

A. A. Malova, Moscow, Russia

M. V. Pankratova, Moscow, Russia



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