Features of brain functioning in bilinguals while performing speech and general cognitive tasks

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Abstract

This article gives an overview of the current status of the problem of plastic brain changes in connection with the study of a foreign language. It links learning of languages with bilingualism, which is a widespread phenomenon in contemporary world. Recent surveys indicate that learning and using additional languages has a direct impact on the overall human cognitive functions whose mechanisms are relatively unknown. In this regard, the most important challenge facing the world today is neuro-biological mechanisms of interaction of languages in the brain of a bilingual and their impact on verbal and nonverbal brain function. Despite the large amount of experimental material on this issue, the data remains controversial, and many authors put under question the existence of such benefits. Possible reason for the discrepancy is a great heterogeneity among bilinguals. In conclusion the article stresses the importance of research of cognitive control in bilinguals in different groups of bi-and multilingual subjects.

General Information

Keywords: language, speech, bilingualism, cognitive control

Journal rubric: Neurosciences and Cognitive Studies

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/jmfp.2016050408

For citation: Novitskiy N.Y. Features of brain functioning in bilinguals while performing speech and general cognitive tasks [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2016. Vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 77–84. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2016050408. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Nikolay Y. Novitskiy, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Centre for Cognition and Decision Making, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: nnovitskiy@hse.ru

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