Parental practices contributing to the child's neuroses emergence



The article is devoted to the overview of modern foreign studies exploring the nature, symptomatology and factors of neurotic disorders. The matter of estimating prevalence of neurotic disorders is being discussed. It provides information about somatic-vegetative and affective symptoms of neurotic disorders, depending on psychological factors (in particular, attachment, parenting style, marriage relationships, parental business, degree of awareness of psychogenic character of disorders). It also describes foreign studies, which show the role of psychogenic factor in the development of such disorders as ADHD, opposition-defiant disorder and learning disabilities. Parental practices contributed to child neurotic disorders emergence is analyzed. The "helicopter parents" and "lawnmower parents" are described. Authors use their experience of psychological work with families to describe some of these practices: "rejection of differentiation", "anxiety escort", "child's rectification".

General Information

Keywords: child-parent relationships, neuroses, factors of neurotic disorders, family, parenting, parental practices, over-controlling parenting, parental hostility, parental control, parental anxiety, neurotic parents

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology and Age-Related Psychology


For citation: Ragulina O.A., Fokina A.V. Parental practices contributing to the child's neuroses emergence [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2017. Vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 46–53. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2017060205. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Zakharov A.I. Proiskhozhdenie detskikh nevrozov i psikhoterapiya [The origin of children's neuroses and psychotherapy]. M.: Eksmo-Press, 2000. 448 p. (In Russ.).
  2. Lantsburg M.E. Soprovozhdenie lyubov'yu [Escort by love] [Elektronnyi resurs] // Obruch: obrazovanie, rebenok, uchenik [Hoop: education, child, student], 2010, no. 5. pp. 3–8. Available at: (Accessed 23.05.2017). (In Russ.).
  3. Nevroticheskie, svyazannye so stressom i somatoformnye rasstroistva (F40-F48) [Neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders (F40-F48)] [Elektronnyi resurs] // Mezhdunarodnaya klassifikatsiya boleznei 10-go peresmotra (MKB-10) [International Classification of Diseases of the 10th revision (ICD-10)]. Available at: (Accessed 25.05.2017). (In Russ.).
  4. Spivakovskaya A.S. Psikhoterapiya: igra, detstvo, sem'ya [Psychotherapy: play, childhood, family]. M.: OOO Aprel' Press, ZAO EKSMO-Press, 2000. 464 p. (In Russ.).
  5. Eidemiller E.G., Yustitskis V. Psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya sem'i [Psychology and psychotherapy of the family]. SPb.: Piter, 2008. 672 p. (In Russ.).
  6. Remes O., et al. A systematic review of reviews on the prevalence of anxiety disorders in adult populations. Braine and Behavior, 2016. Vol. 6, no. 7, e00497. doi:10.1002/brb3.497
  7. Anniverno R., et al. Anxiety Disorders in Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period; Chapter 11. In Durbano F., ed. New Insights into Anxiety Disorders. Rijeka: InTech, Chapters published, 2013, pp. 259–286. doi:10.5772/52786
  8. Armour S. Helicopter' parents hover when kids job hunt [Elektronnyi resurs]. USA Today. Retrieved October 1, 2011. Available at: (Accessed 25.05.2017).
  9. Aslam N. All eyes on me? Role of Negative Parenting in the Development of Social Anxiety Disorder among Children and Adolescents. International Journal of School and Cognitive Psychology, 2014. Vol. 1, no. 1. 1000e101. Available at:: (Accessed: 23.05.2017).
  10. Skalski M., et al. Associations of selected lower urinary tract symptoms with biographical context in patients of a day hospital for neurotic disorders. Psychiatria Polska, 2016. Vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 1207–1234. doi:10.12740/PP/61583
  11. Bandelow B., Michaelis S. Epidemiology of anxiety disorders in the 21st century [Elektronnyi resurs] // Dialogues Clin Neurosci, 2015. Vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 327–335. Available at: (Accessed 23.05.2017).
  12. Bayless K. What Is Helicopter Parenting? [Elektronnyi resurs] //  Available at: (Accessed 23.05.2017).
  13. Cummings C.M., Caporino N.E., Kendall P.C. Comorbidity of Anxiety and Depression in Children and Adolescents: 20 Years After // Psychological Bulletin, 2014. Vol. 140, no. 3, pp. 816–845. doi:10.1037/a0034733
  14. Engur B. Parents with Psychosis: Impact on Parenting & Parent-Child Relationship. Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior, 2016. Vol. 5, no. 1. doi:10.4172/2375-4494.1000327
  15. Flores S.M., Salum G.A., Manfro G.G. Dysfunctional family environments and childhood psychopathology: the role of psychiatric comorbidity [Elektronnyi resurs]. Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, 2014. Vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 147–151. Available at: (Accessed 23.05.2017).
  16. Greeson B. Move over, helicopter parents: Here come the lawnmower parents! [Elektronnyi resurs]. The Aquila Report, 2016. Available at: (Accessed 23.05.2017)
  17. Ha T., Granger D.A. Family Relations, stress and Vulnerability: Biobehavioral Implications for Prevention and Practice. Family Relations, 2016. Vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 9–23. doi:10.1111/fare.12173
  18. Hadzic R., Magee C.A. & Robinson L. Parental employment and child behaviors: Do parenting practices underlie these relationships? International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2013. Vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 332–339. doi:10.1177/0165025413477274
  19. Hall R.C.W., Hall R.C.W. Compensation Neurosis: A Too Quickly Forgotten Concept? [Elektronnyi resurs]. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law Online, 2012. Vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 390–398. Available at: (Accessed 23.05.2017).
  20. Hooghe D. Seeing the Unseen – Early Attachment Trauma and The Impact on Child′ Development. Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior, 2017. Vol. 5, no. 1. doi:10.4172/2375-4494.1000326
  21. Hudson J.L. Parent-Child Relationships in Early Childhood and Development of Anxiety & Depression [Elektronnyi resurs]. Encyclopedia on Early Childhood Development, 2013. Available at: (Accessed 23.05.2017).
  22. Jahan A., Suri S. Parenting Style in Relation to Mental Health among Female Adolescents. Abnormal and Behavioural Psychology, 2016. Vol. 2, no. 3. doi:10.4172/2472-0496.1000125
  23. Lask B., Taylor S., Nunn K.P. Practical Child Psychiatry: The Clinician's Guide [Elektronnyi resurs]. London. BMJ Publishing Group, 2003. 381 p. Available at: (Accessed 23.05.2017)
  24. Morawska L., Winter M., Sanders R. Parenting knowledge and its role in the prediction of dysfunctional parenting and disruptive child behavior. Child: Care, Health and Development, 2009. Vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 217–226. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2214.2008.00929.x
  25. Zhu T., et al. Obsessive-compulsive skin disorders: a novel classification based on degree of insight. Journal of Dermatological Treatment, 2017. Vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 342–346. doi:10.1080/09546634.2016.1240864
  26. Krauss H., et al. Occurrence of neurotic and anxiety disorders in rural schoolchildren and the role of physical exercise as a method to support their treatment [Elektronnyi resurs]. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 2012. Vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 351–356. Available at: (Accessed 23.05.2017).
  27. Pappa V.S. Relationships between Parents’ Marital Status and the Psychological Well-being of Adolescents in Greece. Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy, 2013. Vol. 3, no. 2. doi:10.4172/2161-0487.1000110
  28. Price J.S. An Evolutionary Perspective on Anxiety and Anxiety Disorders. New Insights into Anxiety Disorders. InTech, Chapters 1, 2013. doi:10.5772/52902

Information About the Authors

Olga A. Ragulina, educational psychologist, State Budgetary Educational Institution «City Psycho-Pedagogical Center» of Moscow Education Department, master degree student, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:

Aleksandra V. Fokina, PhD in Psychology, Chair of Developmental Psychology by L.F. Obukhova, Faculty of Educational Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 3062
Previous month: 20
Current month: 15


Total: 2633
Previous month: 22
Current month: 30