Aggression through the prism of social ostracism



Social ostracism is ubiquitous, ranging from exclusion on the playground in kindergarten to bullying in school, romantic rejection among adolescents, or workplace expulsion in adulthood. According to K. D. Williams ' model, ostracism (ignoring and/or excluding) threatens fundamental human needs (belonging, control, meaningful existence, self-esteem), causes «social pain». Studies of ostracism over the past 30 years have established a strong relationship between ostracism and aggressive responses, but social ostracism itself can take the form of aggression for punitive purposes. In the article, we give a review of research in the field of aggressive response to ostracism and a detailed scheme of studying ostracism (as a punishing element) among gifted children. The article may be useful to psychologists and teachers working with phenomenon of aggression, social exclusion.

General Information

Keywords: social ostracism, ignoring, exclusion, rejection, aggression, gifted children, social pain

Journal rubric: Social Psychology

Article type: review article


For citation: Boykina E.E. Aggression through the prism of social ostracism [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2019. Vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 60–67. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2019080307. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Ekaterina E. Boykina, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Legal Psychology and Law, Faculty of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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