Stress and fear in extreme situations



Based on the analysis of foreign sources, the article examines the issues of functional interaction between states of fear and stress in an extreme situation. These experiences or states determine important aspects of personality behavior in extreme situations. The paper shows ambiguity and some confusion about understanding the hierarchical functional development of these states: sometimes stress is called the cause of the development of fears, which, in turn, begins to increase stress, or fear acts a source of stress response in a particular situation. Studies by foreign stress specialists show some return to the original (long-known) data regarding understanding the development of stress and methods of relieving its effects. In addition, in foreign literature, the problem of mutual impact of fear and stress in an extreme situation is not sufficiently informative, which allows national studies to fill the gap, and, in a sense, to implement a «pioneering» work.

General Information

Keywords: stress, fear, experience, extreme situation, state, interaction, system, response.

Journal rubric: Labour Psychology and Engineering Psychology

Article type: review article


For citation: Rozenova M.I., Ekimova V.I., Kokurin A.V., Ognev A.S., Efimova O.S. Stress and fear in extreme situations [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2020. Vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 94–102. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2020090110. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Marina I. Rozenova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor of the Department of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Valentina I. Ekimova, Doctor of Psychology, professor of the department of scientific bases of extremal psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Alexey V. Kokurin, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Professor of the Chair of the Scientific Bases of Extreme Psychology, Faculty of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Associate Professor of the Department of Criminology and Criminal Enforcement Law, Kutafin Moscow State Law University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Alexandr S. Ognev, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor, Scientific Director, Humanities Institute of the Russian New University, Chief Researcher of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Olga S. Efimova, PhD in Psychology, Department of Labor Psychology and Psychological Counseling, Faculty of Pedagogy & Psychology, Department of Labor Psychology and Psychological Consulting, Moscow State Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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