Social and psychological phenomena and factors associated with body modifications in adolescents and young people



The article presents a theoretical analysis of modern foreign ideas about socio-psychological phenomena and factors associated with tattooing and abandonment among adolescents and young people, as well as the role of body modifications in the development of personality. Based on the analysis done, body modifications are interpreted as symptoms of deformations of the formation of adolescent identity, distorted ideas about spirituality and self-expression. The article discusses the role of such socio-psychological phenomena in the lives of people with tattoos as social identity, social adaptation, discrimination, social biases, temporary perspective, alienation and stigmatization. It also shows the specific interplay between tattooing and socio-psychological factors: inclusion in certain social groups, and their reference, the importance of the quality of contacts and close relationships in which young people enter, significant family influence, significant others, culture and religion.

General Information

Keywords: body modifications, tattoos, piercings, identity, personality qualities, socio-psychological indicators

Journal rubric: Social Psychology

Article type: review article


For citation: Kozhukhar G.S. Social and psychological phenomena and factors associated with body modifications in adolescents and young people [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2020. Vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 56–65. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2020090405. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Galina S. Kozhukhar, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Chair of Theoretical Foundations of Social Psychology, Department of Social Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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