Features of the Organizational Subculture of Representatives of Extreme Professions

85

Abstract

The article is devoted to a review of foreign publications in the field of phenomenology of organizational subculture of employees of high-risk professions. The problems of scientific research in this area are represented in foreign psychology by such vectors as: the study of various problems of the relationship between extreme activity and organizational subculture, assessment of the impact of extremity on the subculture, personal characteristics and behavior of employees. The publications assess the impact of extreme professional activity on the organizational subculture and its main elements, unambiguously linking the conditions of extreme work and the corresponding consequences both at the level of personal or behavioral changes and at the level of subculture. It is shown that the duration of employees' stay in extreme conditions of activity is of no fundamental importance for the organizational subculture in comparison with the severity of the corresponding stress factors, as well as with the nature and characteristics of work. Extremity potentiates the emergence of both positive aspects of the subculture (professional identity, corporate solidarity, etc.) and negative ones (personal distancing, consolidation of the service team on a negative basis, etc.). Foreign approaches to the study of organizational subculture in the field of extreme professions differ significantly from the national ones, based on traditional value-semantic relations both in interpersonal communication and in intra-organizational interaction. The material allows to improve psychopractics in an extreme field of activity.

General Information

Keywords: subculture; extreme conditions; high-risk profession; personality traits; behavioral deviations; values; traditions;, rituals

Journal rubric: Labour Psychology and Engineering Psychology

Article type: review article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/jmfp.2023120303

Received: 22.03.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Petrov V.E., Maryin M.I., Zinatullina A.M., Sechko A.V. Features of the Organizational Subculture of Representatives of Extreme Professions [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2023. Vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 31–40. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2023120303. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Bielejewski A. Holding down the Fort: Policing Communities and Community-Oriented Policing in Rural Germany: Springer VS, 2022. 418 p. DOI:10.1007/978-3-658-39773-9
  2. Blumenstein L., Fridell L.A., Jones S.E. The link between traditional police sub‐culture and police intimate partner violence. Policing-an International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 2012. Vol 35, no. 1. P. 147—164. DOI:10.1108/13639511211215496
  3. Bucerius S. Intersectional Inequality: An Analysis of Police Culture in a Western Canadian City. Master of Arts: A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts. [Edmonton], 2022. 87 p. DOI:10.7939/r3-11am-zy43
  4. Copus L., Sajgalikova H, Wojčák E. Organizational Culture and its Motivational Potential in Manufacturing Industry: Subculture Perspective. Procedia Manufacturing, 2019. Vol. 32, pp. 360—367. DOI:10.1016/j.promfg.2019.02.226
  5. Debbat S., De Kimpe S. Police legitimacy and culture revisited through the lens of self-legitimacy. Policing and Society, 2023. Vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 690—702. DOI:10.1080/10439463.2023.2183955
  6. Herbert S. Police subculture reconsidered. Criminology, 2006. Vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 343—370. DOI:10.1111/j.1745-9125.1998.tb01251
  7. Hofstede G. Identifying organizational subcultures: An Empirical approach. Journal of management studies, 1998. Vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 1—12. DOI:10.1111/1467-6486.00081
  8. Granter E., McCann L., Boyle M. Extreme Work/Normal Work: Intensification, Storytelling and Hyper mediation in the (Re) construction of «the New Normal». Organization, 2022. Vol. 22, no 4, pp. 443—456. DOI:10.1177/1350508415573881
  9. Gul S.K. Police Job Stress in the USA. Studies Polis Bilimleri Dergisi = Turkish Journal of Police, 2008, no. 10(1), pp. 1—13.
  10. Kaleigh A.D., Charles G.L.Generalizing across behavior settings can make attitudes toward social groups more extreme in the absence of new information. European journal of social psychology, 2022. Vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 91—104. DOI:10.1002/ejsp.2817
  11. Karman A. An examination of factors influencing the application of mechanisms of organizations' resilience to weather extremes. Business strategy and the environment, 2020. Vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 276—290. DOI:10.1002/bse.2364
  12. Keesman L.D. The showability of policing: How police officers’ use of videos in organizational contexts reproduces police culture. European Journal of Criminology, 2023. Vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 905—924. DOI:10.1177/14773708221144826
  13. Kenneth P.G. Organizational Risk: «Muddling Through» 40 Years of Research. Risk Analysis, 2021. Vol. 41, no 3, pp. 456—465. DOI:10.1111/risa.13460
  14. Linklater K. Inclusion Capital: How Police Officers Are Included in Their Workplaces. Societies, 2022. Vol. 12, no. 5, article ID 128. 19 p. DOI:10.3390/soc12050128
  15. Loftus B. Police occupational culture: Classic themes, altered times. Policing and Society, 2010. Vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 1—20. DOI:10.1080/10439460903281547
  16. Lyle P., Esmail A.M. Sworn to protect: Police brutality — a dilemma for America’s police. Race, Gender & Class, 2016. Vol. 23, no. (3—4), pp. 155—185.
  17. Manzoni P., Eisner M. Violence Between the Police and the Public: Influences of Work-Related Stress, Job Satisfaction, Burnout, and Situational Factors. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2006. Vol 33, no. 5, pp. 613—645. DOI:10.1177/0093854806288039
  18. Maynard M.T., Kennedy D.M., Resick C.J. Teamwork in extreme environments: Lessons, challenges, and opportunities. Journal of organization behavior, 2018. Vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 695—700. DOI:10.1002/job.2302
  19. Mendez G. The effect of police sub-culture on intimate partner violence within law enforcement families [Elektronnyi resurs]. San Bernardino, 2022. 94 p. (Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations; no. 8: 1534). Available at: https://scholarworks.lib.csusb.edu/etd/1534 (Accessed 18.11.2013).
  20. Motsamai J.M., Kishore R. Police Subculture, Culture Factors, Law Enforcement and Code of Ethics. International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology, 2022. Vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 1908—1913.
  21. Ballenger J.F., Best S.R., Metzler T.J. et all. Patterns and predictors of alcohol Use in male and female urban police officers. The American Journal on Addictions. 2011. № 20. P. 21—29. DOI:10.1111/j.1521-0391.2010.00092.x
  22. Parker B.E., Maher L.P., Hochwarter W.A. et all. Perceptions of organizational politics: A restricted nonlinearity perspective of its effects on job satisfaction and performance. Applied psychology, 2022. Vol. 71. no. 4. pp. 1224—1247. DOI:10.1111/apps.12347
  23. Rose T., Unnithan P. In or out of the group? Police subculture and occupational stress. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 2015. Vol 38, no. 2, pp. 279—294. DOI:10.1108/PIJPSM-10-2014-0111
  24. Simmons-Beauchamp B. The Moral Injury of Ineffective Police Leadership: A Perspective. Frontiers in Psychology, 2022. Vol. 13, article ID 766237. 6 p. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2022.766237
  25. Stogner J., Miller B.L., McLean K. Police stress, mental health, and resiliency during the COVID-19 pandemic. American journal of criminal justice, 2020. Vol. 45, pp. 718—730. DOI:10.1007/s12103-020-09548-y
  26. Terrill W., PaolineIII E.A., Manning P.K. Police culture and coercion. Criminology, 2003. Vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 1003—1034. DOI:10.1111/j.1745-9125.2003.tb01012.x
  27. Vranešević M., Subošić D. Social isolation of police officers. Sociološki pregled = Sociological Review, 2022. Vol. LVI, no 3. pp. 1082—1106. DOI:10.5937/socpreg56-39460
  28. Workman-Stark A. «Me» versus «We»: exploring the personal and professional identity-threatening experiences of police officers and the factors that contribute to them. Police Practice and Research, 2022. Vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 147—163. DOI:10.1080/15614263.2022.2119971

Information About the Authors

Vladislav E. Petrov, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Associate Professorof the Department of Scientific Bases of Extreme Psychology, Faculty of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7854-4807, e-mail: v.e.petrov@yandex.ru

Mikhail I. Maryin, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor of Department of Scientific Fundamentals of Extreme Psychology, Faculty of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1142-8857, e-mail: marin_misha@mail.ru

Azalia M. Zinatullina, PhD Student, Department of Scientific Basis of Extreme Psychology, Faculty of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9223-5074, e-mail: azaliazinatullina@mail.ru

Alexander V. Sechko, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Associate Professor, Department of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Faculty of Ex-treme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6870-1055, e-mail: setschko@yandex.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 230
Previous month: 16
Current month: 11

Downloads

Total: 85
Previous month: 4
Current month: 2