Formal Features of the Structural-Semantic Categories of One-Part Sentences in the Rutul Language

107

Abstract

While syntax attracts the attention of an increasing number of linguists in the world, syntactic theories are created based on the linguistic material of most natural languages, the syntax of Dagestani languages remains a kind of lacuna, not known even in a simple descriptive plan. One of the most poorly studied Islands in the Dagestani syntax is single - part sentences that have not been analyzed either in terms of composition or in terms of forms of expression. In the existing research on the syntax of Dagestani languages, single-part sentences are either not considered at all, or are considered very superficially. Meanwhile, single-part sentences are a fairly developed constructive class in Dagestani languages. This work contains an attempt to analyze single-part sentences in the Rutulian language, the syntax of which has not been subjected to special research until now.

General Information

Keywords: definite personal proposal, indefinite-personal sentence, generalized-personal sentence, impersonal sentences, Rutul language

Journal rubric: Psycholinguistics, Sociolinguistics, Ethnolinguistics

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/langt.2020070210

For citation: Makhmudova S.M. Formal Features of the Structural-Semantic Categories of One-Part Sentences in the Rutul Language [Elektronnyi resurs]. Âzyk i tekst = Language and Text, 2020. Vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 91–101. DOI: 10.17759/langt.2020070210. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Bovshik A.S. Osobennosti polikodovogo postmodernistskogo diskursa (na materiale Romanov D. Kouplenda "Generation X" i "Generation A"). Diss. kand. filol. nauk. Chelyabinsk, 2012. 195 p. (In Russ.).
  2. Golovyashkina M.A. Lingvoobrazovatel'nye osnovy postroeniya tsifrovogo didakticheskogo prostranstva v vuze pri pomoshchi elektronno-setevykh ustroistv. Materialy XIV mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii “Aktual'nye problemy sovremennogo obshchestva i puti ikh resheniya v usloviyakh perekhoda k tsifrovoi ekonomike” (g. Moskva, 05 aprelya 2018 g.). Moskva: Publ. Moskovskii universitet im. S.Yu. Vitte, 2018. pp. 342-351. (In Russ.).
  3. Zenkevich I.V. A. K. Kulidzh – populyarizator rusistiki v SShA [Recollection about the Sign of The Most Holy Mother of God]. Yazyk i tekst = Language and Text, 2016. Vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 78– 85. DOI: 10.17759/langt.2016030307. (In Russ.).
  4. Zolotova G.A. O vozmozhnostyakh grammaticheskoi nauki [On the possibilities of grammatical science]. Voprosy yazykoznaniya= Linguistic issues, 2006, no. 3. Available at: http://vja.ruslang.ru/ru/archive/2006-3/14-21 (Accessed: 04.05.2020). (In Russ.).
  5. Zolotova G.A., Onipenko N.K., Sidorova M.Yu. Kommunikativnaya grammatika russkogo yazyka. 2004. Moscow: Nauka, 544 p. (In Russ.).
  6. Ibragimova M.O. Sravnitel'naya kharakteristika padezhei v dialektakh rutul'skogo yazyka. Avtoref. diss. dokt. filol. nauk. 2015. Makhachkala, 48 p. (In Russ.).
  7. Kibrik A. E. Konstanty i peremennye yazyka. 2003. Saint-Petersburg: Aleteiya, 719 p.
  8. Kibrik A.E. Semanticheskaya ergativnost'. Elementy tsakhurskogo yazyka v tipologicheskom osveshchenii. Kibrika A.E. (eds.), 1999. Moscow: Nasledie, 943 p. (In Russ.).
  9. Kirsanov A.I. Globalizatsiya i problema vzaimootnosheniya zapadnoi tsivilizatsii s ostal'nym mirom [Conceptual ex planation of the crises of contem porary civilization and problems of the future]. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo oblastnogo universiteta. Seriya: Filosofskie nauki, 2009, no. 2, pp. 86-89. Available at: https://vestnik-mgou.ru/Articles/Doc/3634 (Accessed: 04.05.2020). (In Russ.).
  10. Kirsanov A.I. Nauchnaya politika v usloviyakh globalizatsii. 2007. Moscow: MGADA, 191 p. (In Russ.).
  11. Martine A. Osnovy obshchei lingvistiki. 1963. Moscow: URSS, 221 p. (In Russ.).
  12. Makhmudova S.M. Zakon ekonomii podlezhashchego v narrativnom diskurse [The law of economy of the subject in narrative discourse]. Vestnik Dagestanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2: Gumanitarnye nauki=Bulletin of the Dagestan State University. Series 2: Humanities, 2012, no. 3, pp. 18-20. Available at: http://www.vestnik.dgu.ru/Stat/18-20.pdf (Accessed: 04.05.2020). (In Russ.).
  13. Makhmudova S.M., Khangereev M.-B. D.-G. Kratkii razgovornik na yazykakh narodov Dagestana. 2015. Makhachkala: Publ. DGU, 71 p. (In Russ.).
  14. Muradyan A.A. Cravnitel'nyi analiz leksicheskikh dominant anglo- i russkoyazychnogo ekonomicheskogo diskursa [Сomparative analysis of lexical dominants in english and Russian economic discourse]. Mnogomernye miry molodoi nauki: sbornik statei mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii. Rossiiskii universitet druzhby narodov, 2015, pp. 61-67. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/download/elibrary_27244301_63791482.pdf (Accessed: 04.05.2020). (In Russ.).
  15. Naidenova N.S., Muradyan A.A. K voprosu ob issledovanii pesennogo diskursa: lingvokul'turologicheskii aspekt [To the problem of song discourse: lingvocultural aspect]. Vestnik Rossiiskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Seriya: Lingvistika = Bulletin of the peoples ' friendship University of Russia. Series: Linguistics, 2013, no. 1, pp. 98-103. Available at: http://journals.rudn.ru/linguistics/article/view/9732/9183 (Accessed: 04.05.2020). (In Russ.).
  16. Paducheva E.V. O semantike sintaksisa. Materialy k transformatsionnoi grammatike russkogo yazyka, 2006. Moscow: URSS: KomKniga, 293 p. (In Russ.).
  17. Paducheva E.V. Egotsentricheskie edinitsy yazyka. 2019. Moscow: Izd. dom YaSK, 439 p. (In Russ.).
  18. Testelets Ya.G. Vvedenie v obshchii sintaksis. 2001. Moscow: RGGU, 796 p. (In Russ.).
  19. Formanovskaya N.I. Kommunikativno-pragmaticheskie aspekty edinits obshcheniya. 1998. Moscow: Institut russkogo yazyka imeni A. S. Pushkina, 291 p. (In Russ.).
  20. Shakhmatov A.A. Sintaksis russkogo yazyka. 2019. Moscow: URSS, 620 p. (In Russ.).
  21. Alekseev M. E. Rutul. The Indigenous Languages of the Caucasus. Six minor lezgian languages. In Smeets R. eds, 1994. New York: Caravan Books. pp. 213-258
  22. Comrie B. Language Universals and Linguistic Typology. 1993. Great Britain: Blackwell. 252 p.
  23. Dixon R.M.W. Ergativity. 1995. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 296 p.
  24. Firbas J. Functional sentence perspective in written and spoken communication. 1992. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 256 p.
  25. Palmer F.R. Grammatical roles and relations. 1994. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 276 p.
  26. Prince E.F. The ZPG letter: Subjects, definiteness, and information-status. Discourse description: Diverse linguistic analyses of a fund-raising text. In William C. Mann, Sandra A. Thompson eds, 1992. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 295-326.
  27. Van Valin R.D., La Polla R.J. Syntax. Structure, meaning, and function. 1997. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 744 p.

Information About the Authors

Svetlana M. Makhmudova, Doctor of Philology, Professor, Professor of the Department of Linguodidactics and Intercultural Communication at the Institute of Foreign Languages, Modern Communications and Management, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0220-6216, e-mail: mahmudovasm@mgppu.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 363
Previous month: 6
Current month: 3

Downloads

Total: 107
Previous month: 2
Current month: 7