The Concepts "Estándar", "Norma" and "Variedad" as a Reflection of Linguistic Variability in the Spanish Area



The dialectal diversity of the Spanish language creates certain difficulties in teaching Spanish as a foreign language due to the complex relationship between the standard, the norm and the national variant. Idiomatic variability manifests itself at all levels of the language: phonetic, phonological, morphological, syntactic. In our short message, attention is paid to the phonological level, which is the most difficult due to the dialect factor.

General Information

Keywords: estándar, norma, variedad, dialectal variability, phonological instability

Journal rubric: Intercultural Communication and Problems of Globalization: Psycho-, Socio- and Ethnolinguistics

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Murashkina O.V. The Concepts "Estándar", "Norma" and "Variedad" as a Reflection of Linguistic Variability in the Spanish Area [Elektronnyi resurs]. Âzyk i tekst = Language and Text, 2021. Vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 54–60. DOI: 10.17759/langt.2021080307. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Olga V. Murashkina, PhD in Philology, Associate Professor of the Department of Language Training of Public Administration Personnel, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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