Means for Realizing Linguistic Meaning “The Sign of the Object” in the Professional Sphere “Military Construction”

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Abstract

The article examines the linguistic means of expressing the linguistic meaning of the «feature of the subject» in the military engineering sublanguage. Relative adjectives describing various properties of building materials and their single-root nouns are relevant for the construction sector. Adjectives denoting hydrophysical, thermophysical, physico-chemical, mechanical, chemical, technological, operational and special properties are used to characterize building materials. Quantitative numerals are less likely than ordinal adjectives to participate in the expression of the linguistic meaning of the «feature of the object» and are inconsistent, non-morphologized definitions, however, in the military engineering field they are active in characterizing the quantitative parameters of temperature, thickness, depth, height and other characteristics of construction objects. The onomasiological correlation between relative adjectives and participles in the construction sector is observed in constructions, «adjective name» is «an object with a certain quality»; «adjective name is an object made of a certain material»; «adjective name is an object built of a certain material». It was revealed that speakers prefer the use of relative adjectives to denote the construction materials used; participles — to denote construction technological processes; quantitative numerals — to denote the nomenclature of construction mechanisms. Adjectives and participles as part of terminological combinations represent a contamination of the linguistic meanings of «subject attribute» and «subject».

General Information

Keywords: military engineering sublanguage, onomasiology, onomatheme, subject attribute, adjective, methodology of teaching Russian as a foreign language

Journal rubric: General and Comparative Historical Linguistics

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/langt.2024110105

Received: 01.03.2024

Accepted:

For citation: Safronova E.Yu., Kalugina T.V. Means for Realizing Linguistic Meaning “The Sign of the Object” in the Professional Sphere “Military Construction” [Elektronnyi resurs]. Âzyk i tekst = Language and Text, 2024. Vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 52–64. DOI: 10.17759/langt.2024110105. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Elena Y. Safronova, Doctor of Philology, Professor, Department of Russian Philology and Russian as a Foreign Language, Saint Petersburg State Hydrometeorological University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7245-9174, e-mail: esafr@mail.ru

Tatiana V. Kalugina, PhD in Philology, Associate Professor, Department of Russian Philology and Russian as a Foreign Language, Saint Petersburg State Hydrometeorological University, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: tvkalug@mail.ru

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