Morphological Analysis of the Adjective of the Avar Language



The article examines the topical issues of distinguishing possessive adjectives as an independent category of words in the Dagestan languages, which are relevant not only for Dagestan studies, but also for general language studies and are ambiguously interpreted in the linguistic literature. The study investigates the implementation of grammatical categories in the structure of the Avar adjectives, which have not found adequate coverage in the Avar studies. This paper considers the issues of the grammatical status of genitive forms of the name, functioning in the attributive form, which are being actively discussed in Caucasian studies. In this research we also determine the grammatical status of comparative constructions formed on the basis of traditional persistent comparisons, qualified in the scientific literature as either compound adjectives or phraseological expressions. It is noted the possibility of realization of possessive relations not only by a noun in the genitive case, but also by a noun in the nominative form. Along with the descriptive method, the article applies the comparative-typological method. For the purpose of comparison and typological analysis the material of related Dagestan languages is used. A number of illustrative materials are introduced into scientific usage for the first time. The obtained results suggest that in the Avar language, in contrast to most related Dagestan languages, along with genitive forms of name in the attributive function morphologically formed possessive adjectives are presented.

General Information

Keywords: Avar language, adjective, possessive relations, grammatical status

Journal rubric: General and Comparative Historical Linguistics

Article type: scientific article


Received: 01.06.2023


For citation: Mallaeva Z.M. Morphological Analysis of the Adjective of the Avar Language [Elektronnyi resurs]. Âzyk i tekst = Language and Text, 2023. Vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 28–37. DOI: 10.17759/langt.2023100203. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Zulaikhat M. Mallaeva, Doctor of Philology, Professor, Chief Scientist, Department of Grammatical Researches of Dagestan Languages, Literature and Art named after G. Tsadasa of the Dagestan Federal Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Makhachkala, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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